Browse Trees and Plants

Displaying 271 - 300 of 618

Results

  • Honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)

    Foliage of honey-locust

    Also known as:

    honey-locust, honeylocust
    The native species of honey-locust has large thorns on its stems and bark. For this reason, thornless honey locust, also known as Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis, is most commonly sold. For the sake of species diversity, it should only be planted after careful consideration of alternatives.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

    Horse-chestnut tree in full flower.

    Also known as:

    horse-chestnut, horse chestnut, common horse-chestnut
    Horse chestnut is a large tree known for showy flowers in May. The clusters of white flowers may be 6 inches tall or more. This non-native can be messy when its fruit drops and offers little in the way of fall color.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hyacinth bean (ANNUAL VINE) (Lablab purpureus (syn. Dolichos lablab))

    Hyacinth bean produces beautiful magenta-colored fruit.

    Also known as:

    Hyacinth bean, lablab, Indian bean, Egyptian bean
    Hyacinth bean is an annual vine that offers both attractive flowers and fruits. The purple pea-type flowers will produce bean 'pods' that are magenta colored.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hybrid catalpa (Catalpa erubescens)

    Leaves and fruit of hybrid catalpa.

    Also known as:

    hybrid catalpa
    Hybrid catalpa is the result of a cross between the Chinese catalpa and the native southern catalpa. Like other catalpas, this tree has showy white flowers in spring, followed by bean-like seed pods.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hybrid columbine (Aquilegia hybrids)

    Hybrid columbines have unusual, spurred flowers.

    Also known as:

    Hybrid columbine, columbine
    Hybrid columbines are a great woodland perennial for the naturalized garden. Brightly colored nodding flowers, in an assorted colors, rise above gray-green mounds of fern-like foliage. Favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hybrid flowering dogwood (Cornus x rutgersensis (C. florida x C. kousa))

    Flowers of Aurora, a selection of the hybrid flowering dogwood.

    Also known as:

    hybrid flowering dogwood
    Hybrid flowering dogwood, a cross between flowering dogwood and Kousa dogwood, is represented by several cultivars in the trade. Most are white-flowered (Stellar Pink® has pink flowers). These cultivars are resistant to dogwood borer and dogwood anthracnose (a serious disease).

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hybrid leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum x rhytidophylloides)

    Creamy white flowers of hybrid leatherleaf viburnum

    Also known as:

    Hybrid leatherleaf viburnum, Lantanaphyllum viburnum
    Leatherleaf viburnum is a large, semi-evergreen shrub reaching 8 to 10 feet high, used for background borders, screening or specimen plantings. It is a hybrid cross between Wayfaringtree and leatherleaf viburnum. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Hybrid witch-hazels (Hamamelis x intermedia)

    Hybrid witch-hazel cultivar Arnold Promise.

    Also known as:

    witch-hazel, witch hazel, hybrid witch hazel, hybrid witch-hazel
    A number of hybrids have been bred between Chinese witch-hazel (Hamamelis mollis) and Japanese witch-hazel (Hamamelis japonica). These large shrubs have interesting ribbon-like flowers, in shades of yellow to red, in late winter or very early spring before the leaves appear.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

    Indian grass in late summer.

    Also known as:

    Indian grass, wood grass, yellow Indian grass
    Indian grass is one of the grasses of the tallgrass prairie and is native to much of North America. It is a warm season, clumping grass. Flowering occurs in late summer but the plant remains attractive into winter.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Indigo-bush (Amorpha fruticosa)

    Leaves and fruit of indigo-bush.

    Also known as:

    indigo-bush; indigobush; false-indigo; desert indigo-bush; indigo bush amorpha; bastard indigo
    Indigo-bush is a medium to large, finely textured, native shrub for wet to dry soils. The 1-foot long, compound leaves are a gray-green. The long-blooming, showy, 3 to 6-inch long, upright flower spikes are royal purple with yellow -orange anthers. A cousin of the shorter prairie lead plant. Plants may be short-lived.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)

    Leaves of inkberry.

    Also known as:

    Inkberry, Gallberry
    Inkberry holly is a colony-forming, east coast native shrub for low, wet sites. Can be used as a foundation planting, hedge or in mass. Prefers acidic soils. The flowers are not showy, but the black fruits can be seen well into winter. Hollies have separate male and female plants, requires a male plant to pollinate the female plant so it can produce fruits.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Inland shadbush (Amelanchier interior)

    Leaves and fruit of inland shadbush.

    Also known as:

    inland shadbush
    Inland shadbush is related to serviceberry and offers similar ornamental features (white flowers, small red berries, excellent fall color). This species may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana)

    Fall color of ironwood.

    Also known as:

    ironwood, American hophornbeam, eastern hophornbeam, hop-hornbeam
    Ironwood is a tough understory tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured drooping branches, and attractive hop-like fruits. Ironwood is considered one of Illinois' toughest native hardwoods and is not only ornamental but resistant to many disease and insect problems. Excellent tree for naturalized landscapes.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Italian Clematis (Clematis viticella)

    Betty Corning, a viticella hybrid, in flower.

    Also known as:

    Italian clematis
    Italian clematis is a species of clematis with purple or violet flowers that are shaped like hanging bells.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

    Jack pine cones.

    Also known as:

    jack pine
    Jack pine is very hardy and well suited to northern climates. It can be used in windbreaks, although it is susceptible to ice storm damage and may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

    Jack-in-the-pulpit in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Jack-in-the-pulpit, Indian Turnip
    Jack-in-the-pulpit is a common native wildflower found in deciduous, moist shady woodlands growing 1 to 2 feet tall. The unusual looking flower is a 4-7 inch spathe (pulpit) that folds over the spadix (Jack) creating a protective hood. A great addition to the woodland wildflower garden.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Jackman's clematis and the Jackman group of hybrids (Clematis x jackmanii)

    Large purple flowers of 'The President', a jackman hybrid.

    Also known as:

    Jackman's clematis
    Jackman's clematis is a very old and well known clematis with large, dark purple flowers. It is the picture that comes to mind when the word clematis is spoken. There are a number of hybrids derived from this species and they are known as the Jackman group or the Jackman hybrids. These hybrids generally have large flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese anemone (Anemone hupehensis (syn. Anemone hupehensis var. japonica))

    Flowers of Japanese anemone, cultivar September Charm.

    Also known as:

    Japanese anemone, hybrid anemone, windflower
    Japanese anemone and related hybrids are late summer and fall blooming perennials. Bold mounds of leaves with upright, airy stems reach 2 to 3 feet high, each with two-and-a-half-inch wide circular flowers in white, pink, or mauve. Flowers can be single, double or semi-double and add great late season color to any garden.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)

    Flowers and leaves of Japanese barberry.

    Also known as:

    Japanese barberry, barberry

    A common sight in yards and gardens throughout eastern North America, this Asian shrub is invasive and should not be planted. Growing three to six feet tall, it is most easily identified by its small, rounded leaves, spiny stems, and red berries that develop in summer. Birds and rodents eat the fruits and distribute the seeds widely. Its branches form roots when in contact with the soil.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii)

    Branches of Japanese black pine.

    Also known as:

    Japanese black pine
    Japanese black pine has a striking, irregular form accented by its dark, lustrous green needles. This Asian native is very tolerant of salt spray and soil salt, but It may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese cornel (Cornus officinalis)

    Japanese cornel flowering in early spring.

    Also known as:

    Japanese cornel, Japanese cornelian-cherry, Asian dogwood
    Japanese cornel is very similar to the popular cornelian-cherry dogwood (Cornus mas). It has the same bright yellow flowers in early spring, followed by oblong cherry-red fruits. Flowering occurs slightly earlier on this species and the form is more open. It can be grown as a large shrub or small tree.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese flowering cherry (Prunus serrulata)

    Also known as:

    Japanese flowering cherry
    Japanese flowering cherry is an Asian species known more for its cultivars. The actual species is seldom sold. The cultivars produce showy flowers in spring and some good leaf color in autumn.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese flowering crabapple (Malus floribunda)

    Crabapple flowers.

    Also known as:

    Japanese flowering crabapple
    A small ornamental tree known for its showy, bright pink buds that open to fragrant white flowers. Japanese flowering crabapple has an irregular, spreading branch habit as it ages, showy, persistent yellow-red fruits, and good disease resistance. Use as a specimen tree, in small groups, or a mixed border.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica)

    Flowers of Japanese flowering quince.

    Also known as:

    Japanese flowering quince, flowering quince
    Japanese flowering quince is a low-growing, spring-flowering shrub with dark green shiny leaves. Growth habit changes with cultivars often reaching 3 to 4 feet high. Bright orange-scarlet flowers appear after the leaves emerge. Most stems have thorns, so avoid planting near sidewalk and heavy traffic areas.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra)

    Japanese hakone grass used as a ground cover.

    Also known as:

    Japanese forest grass, hakone grass, hakonechloa grass
    Japanese forest grass is a low-growing grass that can be planted close together to form a ground cover. There are some interesting cultivars that provide color in the landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese garden juniper (Juniperus procumbens)

    Japanese garden juniper has a low-growing habit.

    Also known as:

    Japanese garden juniper
    Japanese garden juniper is a low-growing, ground-hugging evergreen reaching 6 to 12 inches high and eventually spreading 4 to 6 feet wide. Excellent as a ground cover, used to stabilize slopes or cascading over low walls. The blue-green foliage turns a slight purple in the winter.

    Size Range:

    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese honeysuckle (Illegal to sell in Illinois) (Lonicera japonica)

    The white flowers of Japanese honeysuckle turn yellow as they age.

    Also known as:

    Japanese honeysuckle
    Japanese honeysuckle is an attractive plant, but under the Illinois Exotic Weed Act, it cannot be sold in Illinois. It is also considered invasive in many areas.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese hydrangea vine (Schizophragma hydrangeoides)

    Leaves of Japanese hydrangea vine, cultivar 'Moonlight'.

    Also known as:

    Japanese hydrangea vine
    Japanese hydrangea vine is an excellent vine for wood or stone fences, walls, and arbors. It attaches to hard surfaces by root-like holdfasts. Cinnamon-brown bark and large, white lace cap flowers in late June add to the beauty of this climbing vine.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese kerria (Kerria japonica)

    A Japanese kerria shrub.

    Also known as:

    Japanese Kerria
    Japanese kerria is a lovely 4 to 6 feet high shrub with upright to finely textured arching stems. Plants are especially attractive when abundant bright yellow flowers open in the spring. The bright green, arched stems add winter interest in a naturalized garden and makes an excellent choice for perennial shade borders. In recent years a stem blight disease has made this plant difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi)

    Branch of Japanese larch laden with cones.

    Also known as:

    Japanese larch
    Japanese larch is a sun-loving, deciduous conifer native to Japan. The 70-foot-high pyramidal tree has slender, pendulous branches, and clusters of bright green needles that turn a golden yellow in the fall before dropping.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native

Page controls