Browse Trees and Plants

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  • Common reed (Not recommended) (Phragmites australis)

    Also known as:

    Common reed
    Common reed is an aggressive grass that is considered invasive in many areas.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

    Fruit and leaves of common winterberry.

    Also known as:

    Common winterberry, Canada holly, Deciduous holly, Michigan holly, Virginia winterberry, Winterberry holly
    The bright red persistent fruits of common winterberry glow in the winter landscape. This deciduous species of holly, native to the eastern US and Canada, is a dense, multi-branched shrub. The summer foliage is glossy dark green turning yellow in fall. An excellent choice for wet sites, naturalized area or in the shrub border. Both male and female plants are needed for fruit.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

    Flowers of common witch-hazel.

    Also known as:

    Common witch hazel, Fall witch hazel, Fall-blooming witch hazel
    The yellow, strap-like flowers of this native shrub are among the last blooms to appear in fall, but are often hidden by the leaves. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. The fruit capsules mature a year after flowering, splitting open to expel seeds that are attractive to birds. Tolerant of road salt and clay soil, this is a great specimen plant, or for naturalized landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

    Yarrow in the late stage of flowering.

    Also known as:

    Yarrow, Common Yarrow, Milifoil, Thousand-seal,
    Common yarrow is a strongly aromatic, spreading perennial for hot, dry sites. Numerous, small white flowers are borne in terminal dense clusters blooming in mid-to -late summer above the fern-like, small, gray-green leaves.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Coralberry (Symphoricarpos orbiculatus)

    Fruit of coralberry.

    Also known as:

    Coralberry, Indiancurrant Coralberry, Buckbrush
    Coralberry is a low-growing, spreading shrub with arching stems that produces clusters of purplish red fruits in the fall. It is a good food source for several species of bird. This shrub is native to Eastern U.S.and a good plant for naturalizing in open woodlands or used to stabilize steep slopes because of its suckering habit.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Cornelian-cherry dogwood (Cornus mas)

    Flowers of Cornelian-cherry dogwood.

    Also known as:

    cornelian-cherry dogwood, corneliancherry dogwood
    Cornelian-cherry dogwood is a small, 20- to 25-foot-high tree or large shrub that thrives in well-drained urban conditions as a specimen plant, in masses, near a patio, or as a hedge. The tree is native to Europe and Asia.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Crabapple cultivars (Malus)

    Crabapple tree in flower, cultivar 'Adams'.

    Also known as:

    crabapple, flowering crab, flowering crabapple
    Crabapples are a varied and diverse group. They include a number of species, hybrids, and cultivated varieties (cultivars). The mature size of the plant should be considered in your selection, as should the cultivar's disease resistance in relationship to its site (dry versus wet, for example).

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Cranberry cotoneaster (Cotoneaster apiculata)

    Leaves of cranberry cotoneaster.

    Also known as:

    Cranberry cotoneaster
    The stiff, arching branches of the cranberry cotoneaster form an impenetrable mass, making it very effective cascading over a wall, in a shrub border, as a foundation plant, or a ground cover. Small, dark green, glossy leaves and cranberry-red fruit make it a nice addition to the landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Creeping cotoneaster (Cotoneaster adpressus)

    Creeping cotoneaster growing over a low wall.

    Also known as:

    Creeping cotoneaster, early cotoneaster
    Creeping cotoneaster is a dense, low-growing, spreading shrub used as a ground cover, in rock gardens, or cascading over stone walls. Valued for its tiny white flowers, excellent glossy foliage and attractive red berries.

    Size Range:

    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet),
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Creeping lily-turf (Liriope spicata)

    Creeping lily-turf has an almost grass-like appearance.

    Also known as:

    Creeping lily-turf, liriope
    Creeping lily-turf is a ground cover with very upright narrow foliage that resembles the foliage of bulbs. Flower spikes are produced from mid to late summer.

    Size Range:

    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Creeping thyme (Thymus praecox)

    Creeping thyme in flower.

    Also known as:

    Creeping thyme, woolly thyme, mother of thyme
    Creeping time is generally used more as a ground cover than as an herb. This low-growing fuzzy plant spreads out in a mat and is covered with beautiful flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • CRESCENDO™ sugar maple (Acer saccharum 'Morton')

    Orange-red fall color on Crescendo sugar maple.

    Also known as:

    CRESCENDO™ sugar maple
    The CRESCENDO™ sugar maple was introduced by The Morton Arboretum through Chicagoland® Grows. Its dark green leaves turn an orange-red in the fall. Once established, this tree is tolerant of heat and drought.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Crimson glory vine (Vitis coignetiae)

    Also known as:

    Crimson glory vine
    Crimson glory vine is an ornamental grape grown for its excellent fall color. The fruit produced are not edible. This plant may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • CRIMSON SPIRE™ oak (Quercus 'Crimschmidt')

    Also known as:

    CRIMSON SPIRE™ oak, hybrid oak
    CRIMSON SPIRE™ oak is a hybrid between English oak and White oak. It was selected for a narrow form (15 feet wide) and good red fall color. It is tolerant of a wide range of conditions.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata)

    Flower buds of cucumbertree opening in spring.

    Also known as:

    cucumbertree, cucumber magnolia
    This large, deciduous magnolia tree is excellent for large properties such as parks, golf courses, and naturalized areas. Cucumbertree's wide-spreading branches are covered with dark green leaves that turn an attractive yellow-brown in the fall. The cucumbertree yields interesting pinkish-red fruit pods.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Cup-and-saucer vine (ANNUAL VINE) (Cobaea scandens)

    The unique flowers of cup-and-saucer vine.

    Also known as:

    Cup-and-saucer vine, missionary bells, cathedral bells
    Cup-and-saucer vine is an easy to grow annual that supplies a quantity of unique flowers from mid-summer on. The flowers do look like little teacups sitting in saucers.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Cut-leaved stephanadra (Stephanandra incisa)

    Foliage of stephanandra, cultivar 'Crispa'.

    Also known as:

    Stephanandra, cut-leaved stephanandra, cutleaf stephanandra, lace shrub
    Stephanandra is a small to medium-sized shrub forming large thickets. This graceful shrub has long, arching stems and is often grown for the maple-like leaves, which turn a stunning orange-red fall color. Very nice for woodland gardens and mixed borders

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Cypress vine (ANNUAL VINE) (Ipomoea quamoclit)

    The cultivar Alba has white flowers instead of red.

    Also known as:

    Cypress vine
    Cypress vine is an annual vine with bright red flowers that attract hummingbirds.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • DANADA CHARM™ elm (Ulmus 'Morton Red Tip')

    A mature specimen of DANADA CHARM™ elm.

    Also known as:

    DANADA CHARM™ elm
    The DANADA CHARM™ elm has very good Dutch elm disease (DED) and elm yellows resistance but is susceptible to elm leaf beetle. Its size makes it ideal for large yards and along streets. Its emerging leaves are glossy red, turning dark green in summer and yellow in fall. This tree is a Chicagoland Grows® selection.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides)

    Dawn redwood trees in fall color.

    Also known as:

    dawn redwood, water-fir, water-larch
    A large, conical-shaped tree reaching 70 to 100 feet high, dawn redwood is closely related to bald cypress (Taxodium) and redwood (Sequoia). The fern-like feathery foliage emerges light green in spring, changing to dark green in summer, then a russet-brown in autumn. It grows best in large landscapes.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Deer tongue grass (Dichanthelium clandestinum (syn. Panicum clandestinum))

    Also known as:

    Deer tongue grass
    Deer tongue grass is a native grass with an exotic bamboo-like appearance. This warm season, clumping grass tolerates dryness and infertile soils very well. It can be used for naturalizing in tough sites.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Devil’s walking stick (Aralia spinosa)

    Flowers of devil's walking stick.

    Also known as:

    Devil’s walking stick, hercules-club
    This unusual U.S. native has a very exotic look, with large, compound leaves and late summer flowers. Devil's walking stick has coarse, thorny stems.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Dotted hawthorn (Crataegus punctata)

    Dotted hawthorn in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Dotted hawthorn
    Dotted hawthorn is named for its fruit which are red with white specks. This species has thorns that are up to three inches in length. Dotted hawthorn is very susceptible to the cedar rust diseases.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum var. plicatum)

    Doublefile viburnum in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Doublefile viburnum, Japanese snowball viburnum
    Doublefile viburnum or Japanese snowball viburnum, Viburnum plicatum var. plicatum, produces 2 to 3 inch wide showy, snowball-type clusters of white flowers in spring. A dense, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with somewhat horizontal branching that grows 8 to 12 feet high. Dark green leaves are strongly-veined, toothed, with pleated upper surfaces turn a burgundy red to purplish red in fall. Although this shrub is well suited for the Midwestern landscape it can occasionally winter kill to the ground. This profile page also covers Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum. The difference is V. plicatum var. plicatum flowers are snowball-type flower clusters and bloom 2 to 3 weeks later than V. plicatum var tomentosum, which has a ring of large, sterile flowers surrounding a large center of small, fertile flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

    Needles of douglas-fir.

    Also known as:

    Douglas-fir, Douglasfir, Douglas fir
    Douglas-fir is an excellent specimen plant or used in mass for screening. Although not a true fir, it is a beautiful evergreen for the larger landscape. It has a conical shape, similar to that seen on spruces.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Downy arrowwood (Viburnum rafinesquianum)

    Upright, white flowers and green leaves of downy arrowwood viburnum

    Also known as:

    Downy arrowwood, Downy arrowwood viburnum. Missouri viburnum
    Downy arrowwood is a little known native viburnum that has ornamental characteristics similar to the more commonly planted southern arrowwood.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis)

    A mature downy hawthorn tree.

    Also known as:

    downy hawthorn
    Downy hawthorn has the typical white flowers and red fruit of hawthorns, but is not always as thorny as other species. This native tree is beautiful, but is prone to the cedar rust diseases.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)

    Downy serviceberry leaves and flowers emerging in spring.

    Also known as:

    downy serviceberry, juneberry, serviceberry
    Downy serviceberry is a four-season plant offering white flowers in spring, small red berries in summer, excellent fall color and gray bark in winter. The fruit is usually eaten very quickly by birds.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Dusky Geranium (Geranium phaeum)

    Dusky geranium cultivar Samobor

    Also known as:

    Dusky geranium, mourning widow, dusky crane's-bill, black widow
    Dusky geranium is often sold as Mourning widow geranium due to the dark purple flowers. The popular cultivar 'Samobor' also features a ring of dark purple on its leaves. Dusky geranium is well adapted to shady sites.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Dutchman's pipe (Aristolochia durior)

    Dutchman's pipe has a very unusual flower.

    Also known as:

    Dutchman's pipe, pipevine
    Dutchman's pipe is a vigorous twining vine that serves as a food source for the pipevine swallowtail butterfly and its caterpillars. Also known as Aristolochia macrophylla.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America

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