All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil
- Occasional drought,
- Occasional flooding,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early spring,
- mid spring,
- late spring,
- early summer,
- late summer,
- early fall,
- mid fall,
- late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Tree & Plant Care
Sprawling, arching canes that form dense thickets, often reaching 10 feet long.
Canes are usually short-lived and should be pruned back after flowering to control size and encourage new growth.
Best in full sun but tolerant of part shade in moist, well-drained soils.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots, rust, mildew and cane borer
Native geographic location and habitat
Common in fence rows, roadsides, open woods and forest edges.
Native to the Midwest and northeastern U. S.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
A popular shrub for birds and other wildlife.
Bark color and texture
Stout, angled canes have large hooked prickles, dull reddish brown, lacking glaucous bloom.
Cane have a white pith and do not root at the tips, each cane live for 2 years.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, palmately compound, 3 to 5 inches long and wide with 3 to 7 leaflets.
Dark green leaves are paler beneath, serrated margins, and prickles on petiole.
Fall color is wine-red to burgundy.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
A profusion of white, 5-petaled, crinkled flowers with showy yellow stamens. Flowers on terminal tips of last years canes.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Black multiple aggregates, up to 1 inch long drupes.
Juicy fruits ripens in late summer. When picked, the fruit does not separate from its core.