Turkish hazelnut is an excellent hardy tree for lawns, street plantings, and urban conditions. Its heavy-textured, dark green foliage is free of insect and disease. This tree is also pH adaptable and tolerant of heat, cold, and drought once it is established. Aside from its outstanding cultural tolerance, Turkish hazelnut yields attractive male catkins in early spring and striking beaked fruits.
All Common Names:
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Wet sites,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Edible fruit,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Not common in the nursery trade.
Tree can sucker at the base, so sucker removal may become necessary.
Tolerant of heat, cold, and drought once established; pH adaptable and does well in urban conditions.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious pests.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and Asia.
Bark color and texture
Bark is light brown to gray, becoming flaky with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves with a jagged edge; heavy-textured and dark green in summer; 2 to 6 inches long.
Fall color is a mild yellow.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Relatively inconspicuous; tiny male flowers in hanging catkins; tiny, pink females.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Edible hazelnuts (filberts) enclosed in a frilly husk.