A native wild rose with single, 2- to 3-inch-wide, pink flowers with showy yellow centers. Flowers are fragrant. Green to reddish stems lack prickly thorns and add winter interest to the landscape. Bright red fruit hips ripen in fall and remain persistent throughout winter.
This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 2,
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early spring,
- mid spring,
- late summer,
- early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & form
A dense, mounded shrub reaching 4 to 5 feet high, with suckering habit.
Tree & Plant Care
Full sun to light shade in dry to average soil.
Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots, mildew, Japanese beetle
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to northern section of the U. S. from Newfoundland to Pennsylvania, to MO up to MN.
Found in open woods and roadsides and sloped ravines.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Bees and other pollinators.
Bark color and texture
Slender new canes are green and lack thorns.
Older stems are reddish brown to dark purple and may develop bristly prickles near the base.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, compound green leaves with elliptical, 5 to 9 leaflets, 1 1/2 inches long and 3/4 inch wide. Margins are serrated, sometimes on top half only. A pair of stipules (winged appendages) are attached to the stalk.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Single flowers are 2 to 3 inches wide, pink to deep rose with 5 rounded petals with wavy edges. Showy yellow stamens in center.
Typically 1 to 4 flowers at tips of older stems. Flowers are fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
A shiny, 2/3- inch elliptical, bright red berry (hips).