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Single-seeded hawthorn

Single-seeded hawthorn, like other hawthorns, bears white flowers in spring, followed by red fruits. Unlike other hawthorns, the flowers are sweetly scented (most hawthorn flowers have an "off" odor).

Botanical name:

Crataegus monogyna

All common names:

single-seeded hawthorn, oneseed hawthorn, common hawthorn

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Planting Site:

  • Residential and parks,
  • Wide median

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree


  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Hedge,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • medium tree (25-40 feet),
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)

Mature Height:

20-30 feet

Mature Width:

20-40 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7

Soil Preference:

  • Acid soil,
  • Moist, well-drained soil


  • Dry sites,
  • Alkaline soil

Acid Soils:

  • Prefers

Alkaline Soils:

  • Tolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Intolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Intolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Tolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Intolerant

Planting Considerations:

  • Aggressive,
  • Dangerous thorns,
  • May be difficult to find in nurseries

Ornamental Interest:

  • Spring blossoms,
  • Showy flowers

Seasons of Interest:

  • mid spring,
  • late spring

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Fragrant,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Round

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

Transplants Well:

  • No


  • Migrant birds

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

This tree has thorns and should be sited carefully.

Disease, pests, and problems

This tree can self-seed very aggressively.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Europe and Asia.

Bark color and texture 

Stems are heavily armored with thorns.
The bray bark is rough and slightly shaggy with age.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

The simple, alternate leaves are deeply lobed and the leaf margins are toothed.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Creamy white flowers in flat-topped clusters.  The flowers are fragrant.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Fruit is a red berry (pome) that persists into winter.



Location of Crataegus monogyna (Single-seeded hawthorn) at the Arboretum