Single-seeded hawthorn, like other hawthorns, bears white flowers in spring, followed by red fruits. Unlike other hawthorns, the flowers are sweetly scented (most hawthorn flowers have an "off" odor).
All Common Names:
- Residential and parks,
- Wide median
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Alkaline soil
- Dangerous thorns,
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms,
- Showy flowers
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Late spring
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Migrant birds
Tree & Plant Care
This tree has thorns and should be sited carefully.
Disease, pests, and problems
This tree can self-seed very aggressively.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and Asia.
Bark color and texture
Stems are heavily armored with thorns.
The bray bark is rough and slightly shaggy with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
The simple, alternate leaves are deeply lobed and the leaf margins are toothed.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Creamy white flowers in flat-topped clusters. The flowers are fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit is a red berry (pome) that persists into winter.