All Common Names:
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Wet sites,
- Alkaline soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Edible fruit
Season of Interest:
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Game birds,
- Migrant birds,
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Spring transplant only; develops a long taproot, making it difficult to transplant.
Like all hickories, debris from its fruit drop from late summer throughout autumn, making fall cleanup in urban areas more challenging.
Disease, pests, and problems
Potential problems include anthracnose, hickory bark beetles, galls.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Midwestern native commonly found in upland woods.
Bark color and texture
Bark is dark gray with interlacing ridges. With age it takes on a very slightly shaggy look.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, compound leaves have 5 to 7 ovate leaflets.
Leaves medium green with serrate margins. Fall color is golden brown.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Relatively inconspicuous; tiny male flowers in drooping clusters of catkins; small green female flowers in spikes.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruits are nuts with four-ridged husks. The husks will split t the base when ripe.
The nuts are edible.