Purple chokeberry is a multi-stemmed, large shrub with showy white spring flowers, dark green foliage, beautiful red fall color and deep purple berries. An excellent choice for massing in low, wet areas in the landscape.
"This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research."
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Shade tree,
- Mixed border
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Dry soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Sandy soil,
- Wet soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Wet sites,
- Occasional flooding,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil,
- Road salt
- Moderately Tolerant
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Edible fruit,
- Showy fruit,
- Showy flowers,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Tree & Plant Care
A large 8 to 12 feet high and 8 to 10 feet wide shrub excellent for wet sites.
Suckering habit requires pruning in landscape situations.
Grows best in full sun in moist soil, but tolerant of part shade in drier conditions once established.
Although it prefers acidic soil it is adaptable other soils types.
May be difficult to find in nurseries.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots, twig blights, borers
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of wet soils and salt.
Native geographic location and habitat
Found growing in boggy areas, swampy woods, and along stream banks in Northeastern and Midwestern U.S.
Attracts birds & butterflies
A popular food source for migrating and winter birds.
Bark color and texture
Young stems are reddish-brown becoming grayish-brown with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate. Oval to elliptical, 2 1/2 inches long, dark green, finely toothed with a pair of raised glands on the petioles.
Fall color is wine-red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Showy, small, 5-petaled clusters of white flowers in the spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
A dark purple, 1/3-inch diameter juicy berry. Although edible it is tart and bitter. Fruit ripens in August and persists into winter.