Unlike other maples, the Nikko maple does not have the traditional "maple" leaf. Each leaf is divided into three leaflets. The leaves turn to shades of red and orange in autumn, giving this medium-sized tree some late-season interest.
All Common Names:
- Residential and parks
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet),
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Fall color
Season of Interest:
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Insect pollinators
Tree & Plant Care
Avoid pruning maples in spring as they are 'bleeders' and will lose large amounts of sap.
Disease, pests, and problems
Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential problem for maples.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Japan and China.
Bark color and texture
The gray bark is smooth.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
The leaves consist of three leaflets on a short, hairy stalk. The leaves are 2 to 5 inches long and have an opposite arrangement along the branch.
Summer leaves are dark green changing to a mix of red, yellow and burgundy in fall. Fall color is not consistent from year to year.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers held in small drooping clusters. Not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras).
Seedlings are seldom a problem as most of the seed produced is not viable.