Mongolian linden is smaller than other species of lindens and it has an unusual exfoliating (peeling) bark. It is slower growing than other lindens. Fall color is a moderate yellow.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Shade tree,
- Medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago)
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Summer blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Insect pollinators
photo: John Hagstrom
Tree & Plant Care
Best in moist, well-drained soils. Prefers acid soil, but can tolerate alkaline soil.
Disease, pests, and problems
Japanese beetles and linden borer are possible insect problems.
Verticillium wilt is a possible fungal problem.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Shows resistance to aphids.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to China.
Bark color and texture
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves are atypical for linden; 3 to 5 lobed, with sharply serrated margins. Leaf size can vary from 2 to 3 inches.
In summer, leaves are dark green. Fall color is a mild yellow.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Creamy yellow flowers in hanging clusters in early summer. Each cluster is accompanied by a long, strap-shaped bract. Very fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruits are small gray nutlets, accompanied by a long strap-like bract.
Cultivars and their differences
Harvest Gold Linden (Tilia 'Harvest Gold): This is a hybrid between Tilia mongolica and Tilia cordata. Leaves look more like little-leaf linden than mongolian linden. Upright habit, 40 feet high by 30 feet wide. Good yellow fall color.