Maidenhair fern is a unique, airy fern with fan-shaped fronds growing around a horseshoe-shaped stem. Maidenhair ferns spread to form dense patches.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Ground cover,
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Mixed border
- Medium plant (12-24 inches)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer
Shape or Form:
Size and Method of spreading
1 to 2 feet high and 1 to 1 1/2 feet wide. Maidenhair fern can be used as a clump-forming ground cover. Clump-forming ground covers are plants that are not usually thought of as ground covers. They are perennials that can be planted closely together to provide the visual effect of a ground cover.
Tree & Plant Care
Excellent plant for naturalizing and shade garden.
Prefers moist, humus-rich soils in full to part shade.
Plants tend to burn in full sun.
Divide clumps when patch gets too crowded.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious insect or disease problems.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the eastern half of the United States.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Delicate fronds emerge in spring.
Green, fan-shaped fronds on horseshoe-shaped rachis.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size