Large fothergilla is a large, rounded shrub with excellent four-season interest. Early flowering, honey-scented bottle brush-like flowers appear before the leaves, summer foliage is a clean, blue-green changing to outstanding shades of orange, red, and yellow fall color.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Mixed border,
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early spring,
- mid spring,
- early summer,
- early fall,
- mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & form
A large, rounded multi-stemmed shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high and 6 to 8 feet wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Best in part shade to full sun with adequate soil moisture. Best flowers occur in full sun.
Prefers slightly acidic soil pH with plenty of added organic matter.
Shallow roots benefit with a layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture.
Water in dry periods.
Prune after flowering, if needed.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious pests.
Can become clhlorotic in high pH soils.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Found in Allegheny Mountains from NC, TN, to AL.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Butterflies and hummingbirds
Bark color and texture
Gray to light brown. Young stems are zig-zag.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, simple 1 to 2 1/2 inch ovate to oblong leaves. Dark green, sometimes leathery leaves.
Fall color is an excellent mix of red, yellow and orange.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fragrant, 1 to 2-inch long white, bottle brush-like flower spikes emerge before the leaves in early spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small, dried caspule, no ornamentally important.