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Japanese umbrella-pine

Needles of Japanese umbrella-pine.

Japanese umbrella-pine is not a true pine, but it is a needled evergreen.  In northern Illinois, this tree is marginal and should be planted in protected site.  Wind can be a problem in winter, so avoid windy sites.

Botanical name:

Sciadopitys verticillata

All common names:

Japanese umbrella-pine, umbrella-pine

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Planting Site:

  • Residential and parks

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree


  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • medium tree (25-40 feet),
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)

Mature Height:

20-30 feet

Mature Width:

15-20 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7

Soil Preference:

  • Acid soil,
  • Moist, well-drained soil


  • Wet sites,
  • Clay soil,
  • Road salt

Acid Soils:

  • Requires

Alkaline Soils:

  • Intolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Tolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Tolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Intolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Tolerant

Planting Considerations:

  • May be difficult to find in nurseries

Ornamental Interest:

  • Attractive bark

Seasons of Interest:

  • early winter,
  • midwinter,
  • late winter,
  • early spring,
  • mid spring,
  • late spring,
  • early summer,
  • midsummer,
  • late summer,
  • early fall,
  • mid fall,
  • late fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Inconspicuous

Shape or Form:

  • Pyramidal

Growth Rate:

  • Slow

Transplants Well:

  • Yes

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

Soil must be consistently moist.  Protect this tree from wind.  Plant in protected sites.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Japan.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is exfoliating (peeling); reddish-brown in color.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Evergreen needles, dark green and arranged in clusters that mimic the spokes of an umbrella.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Inconspicuous and not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Upright, green, oval cones maturing to brown.  Up to 4 inches tall.

Location of Sciadopitys verticillata (Japanese umbrella-pine) at the Arboretum