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Japanese anemone

Flowers of Japanese anemone, cultivar September Charm.

Japanese anemone and related hybrids are late summer and fall blooming perennials. Bold mounds of leaves with upright, airy stems reach 2 to 3 feet high, each with two-and-a-half-inch wide circular flowers in white, pink, or mauve. Flowers can be single, double or semi-double and add great late season color to any garden.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

 

Botanical name:

Anemone hupehensis (syn. Anemone hupehensis var. japonica)

All Common Names:

Japanese anemone, hybrid anemone, windflower

Family (English):

Buttercup

Family (Botanic):

Ranuculaceae

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Perennial

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Container,
  • Foundation,
  • Massing,
  • Mixed border,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
  • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

Light Exposure:

  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7,
  • Zone 8

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil

Tolerances:

  • Occasional drought,
  • Occasional flooding,
  • Alkaline soil,
  • Clay soil

Season of Interest:

  • Mid summer,
  • Late summer,
  • Early fall,
  • Mid fall,
  • Late fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Pink,
  • Purple,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Mounded

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

More Information:

Size

Large rounded mounds of foliage topped by branches, wiry flower stems reaching 2 to 4 feet high and 2 feet wide.

Plant Care

Best in part shade in well drained, humus-rich, fertile soil.
Prefers morning light and afternoon shade.
Supplemental water in summer drought
Plants benefit with a thin layer of mulch, especially in colder climates.
Cut back flower stalks in late season to tidy up the garden.
Can be aggressive spreader once established.

Disease, pests, and problems

Japanese beetles

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Deer, rabbit

Native geographic location and habitat

Western and Central China or hybrid origin

Attracts birds and pollinators

Butterflies and bees

Leaf description

Clumps of dark green, basal foliage on long petioles. Each leaf is 3-parted with toothed margins.

Flower description

Upright, wiry, branches stems hold single, double or semi-double flowers, each 2 to 21/2 inches in diameter. Colors vary by hybrid but can be bright white, pink, or mauve. The center of each flower has a ring of yellow stamens. Flowers bloom late summer and extend into autumn. Good for cuttings.

Fruit description

Achene

Cultivars and hybrids and their differences 

September Charm Hubei Anemone (Anemone hupehensis 'September Charm'): 2 to 3 feet high and wide; single-flowered, 5 rounded petals are rose pink with yellow centers.

Cinderella Japanese Anemone (Anemone x hybrida 'Cinderella'): 12 to 18 inches high by 18 to 24 inches wide; rose pink flowers with yellow centers

Honorine Jobert Japanese Anemone (Anemone x hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'): 3 to 4 feet high and 2 to 3 feet wide; single white flowers.

Party Dress Japanese Anemone (Anemone x hybrida 'Party Dress'):

Whirlwind Japanese Anemone (Anemone x hybrida 'Whirlwind'): 2 to 3 feet high and wide; up to 25 white, narrow quilled petals

Location of Anemone hupehensis (syn. Anemone hupehensis var. japonica) (Japanese anemone) at the Arboretum

We do not seem to have this in our living collection.