Jack-in-the-pulpit is a common native wildflower found in deciduous, moist shady woodlands growing 1 to 2 feet tall. The unusual looking flower is a 4-7 inch spathe (pulpit) that folds over the spadix (Jack) creating a protective hood. A great addition to the woodland wildflower garden.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Mixed border
- Medium plant (12-24 inches)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Occasional flooding
Season of Interest:
- Early spring,
- Mid spring,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Upright perennial reaching 1 to 2 feet high.
Prefers light shade in spring but tolerant of deeper shade in summer.
Best in a moist, organic-rich soil. Does not tolerate dry soil.
Underground corms produce bulblets and send off out shoots.
Disease, pests, and problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Eastern U. S. in moist, shady deciduous woods and hillsides.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Berries are poisonous but a few birds will eat them.
Two 3-lobed leaves on 12-inch long petioles. The leaves are elliptical and 9 inches long.
Dark green to medium green, sometimes with a purplish tinge.
A very distinct flower, the spathe (pulpit) is 4 to 7 inches long and folds over the spadix (Jack) creating a protective hood.
The spathe can be green to purple with greenish-white stripes.
The spadix is cylindrical with pollen-bearing male flowers near the tip and female flowers near the base.
Often monoecious with male and female plants separate. Does have the capability of changing gender.
Cluster of berries turn red in the fall. Poisonous to humans.
Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium): This unusual looking plant has a single, dark green leaf that is dissected into 7 to 15 deep lobes, circling out from the stem. The plant can reach 2 to 3 feet high. The flower is on a stalk that branches from a leaf near the ground. The yellow-green flowers of female plants produce berries that turn bright red in the fall