Hyacinth bean is an annual vine that offers both attractive flowers and fruits. The purple pea-type flowers will produce bean 'pods' that are magenta colored.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Shade tree,
- Large plant (more than 24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 9,
- Zone 10
- Moist, well-drained soil
Seasons of Interest:
- late summer,
- early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size and Method of Climbing
Hyacinth bean is an annual vine, but it is still capable of growing 12 to 15 feet in a season. It is a twining vine. Twining vines climb by twisting their stems or leaf stalks around a support. This type of vine grows well on trellises, arbors, wires or chain-link fences.
Grow in full sun and moist, well-drained soils. Hyacinth bean is easily grown from seed. Start indoors 2 to 3 weeks before the last frost and transplant outside once the danger of frost has passed.
Disease, pests, and problems
Japanese beetles and bean beetles will chew the leaves.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Africa.
The alternate leaves are trifoliate (three leaflets). They are dark green, often with a purplish tinge.
Pea-type flowers, lavender purple in color. Produced from mid-summer until frost.
The fruit are magenta-colored 'bean pods' (legumes). Beans should not be eaten raw. They need to be boiled before eating.