Green hawthorn offers beautiful flowers and fruit and is more disease resistant than other species of hawthorn. The cultivar 'Winter King' is more commonly sold than the species. Photos on this page show 'Winter King.'
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All common names:
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Shade tree,
- medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Spring blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Persistent fruit/seeds,
- Showy fruit,
- Showy flowers,
- Attractive bark
Seasons of Interest:
- early winter,
- mid spring,
- late spring,
- early fall,
- mid fall,
- late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Migrant birds
Tree & Plant Care
Green Hawthorn is a lower maintenance tree than most hawthorns as it is more disease resistant.
This species tends to have few to no thorns.
Disease, pests, and problems
Cedar rusts and fireblight are potential problems but this species is more resistant to those diseases.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Better resistance to the problems common to hawthorns.
Tolerant of pollution and black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the Southern United States up through southern Illinois.
Bark color and texture
Mottled, multi-colored bark improves with age.
Stems have few to no thorns
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves, 1 to 3 inches long; dark green, toothed and shallowly lobed.
Fall color is purplish red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are unpleasantly scented; small creamy white flowers in flat topped clusters in late spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Persistent red berries (pomes).