fbpx Flowering almond | The Morton Arboretum

Flowering almond

Spring flowers of flowering almond.

Flowering almond is a large shrub or small tree with bright pink flowers. The double flowering form is more popular in the nursery trade.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.


Botanical name:

Prunus triloba

All Common Names:

Flowering almond, flowering plum, rose tree of China

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Tree or Plant Type:

  • Shrub,
  • Tree

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Hedge,
  • Massing,
  • Mixed border,
  • Specimen,
  • Utility

Size Range:

  • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 3,
  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil


  • Alkaline soil

Season of Interest:

  • Mid spring,
  • Late spring

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Pink

Shape or Form:

  • Irregular,
  • Round

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

More Information:

Size & Form

A large, dense, rounded shrub or small tree often grows 10 to 15 feet high and wide.

Tree & Plant Care

Best in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil.
Tolerant of clay, sand, and acidic soils. 
Does not tolerate standing or wet soil but will withstand moderate drought and wind once established. 
Prune regularly to maintain good branching and remove dead wood.
Often short-lived.

Disease, pests, and problems

Borers, scale, spider mite, black knot, powdery mildew, leaf spots, and verticillium wilt.

Native geographic location and habitat


Attracts birds & butterflies

Butterflies are attracted to flowers and the fruit attracts many birds.

Bark color and texture 

Brown, slender stems.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate, simple, double-serrated elliptical leaf about 2 to 4 inches long.
Medium green in summer turning a yellow gold in fall.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

5-petaled pink flowers appear in early spring. 

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

A 1/2 inch, round fleshy red fruit attracts many songbirds.

Cultivars and their differences 

Double-flowered Almond (Prunus triloba var. multiplex): is a showy double-flowered form that does not produce fruit.

Location of Prunus triloba (Flowering almond) at the Arboretum