Dutchman's pipe is a vigorous twining vine that serves as a food source for the pipevine swallowtail butterfly and its caterpillars. Also known as Aristolochia macrophylla.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- North America
- Mixed border,
- Large plant (more than 24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Seasons of Interest:
- late spring,
- early summer,
- late summer
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size and Method of Climbing
Dutchman's pipe can easily grow 20 to 30 feet in one growing season. It is a twining vine. Twining vines climb by twisting their stems or leaf stalks around a support. This type of vine grows well on trellises, arbors, wires or chain-link fences.
Best grown in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Avoid dry sites.
Disease, pests, and problems
No real pests, but this plant does serve as a larval food for the pipevine swallowtail butterfly's caterpillar, so some feeding damage can be expected.
Disease, pests and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to North American, primarily in Appalachia.
The alternate, simple leaves are large (up to 10 or 12 inches long) and heart-shaped. Leaves often orient themselves in the same direction and produce a green screen.
Fall color is a poor yellow-green.
Flowers are very unusual in the they are shaped like Dutch smoking pipes, giving this plant its common name. The flowers are S-shaped with a three-lobed flat 'face'.
They are produced in late spring and early summer. They are very showy close-up , but are often hidden by the dense foliage. Yellow-green to brownish.
The fruit is a 2 to 3 inch long capsule.