Dotted hawthorn is named for its fruit which are red with white specks. This species has thorns that are up to three inches in length. Dotted hawthorn is very susceptible to the cedar rust diseases. Not commonly found in the nursery trade.
This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
All common names:
- Residential and parks,
- Wide median
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Shade tree,
- medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
- Dangerous thorns,
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms,
- Persistent fruit/seeds,
- Showy fruit,
- Showy flowers
Seasons of Interest:
- mid spring,
- late spring,
- late summer,
- early fall,
- mid fall,
- late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Migrant birds
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun and well-drained soil. Soil pH tolerant.
Site this tree in front of evergreens for winter effect.
This tree has very long thorns and should be sited carefully.
Disease, pests, and problems
Cedar rust diseases, fireblight, leaf spots, scale and mites.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity and drought conditions once established.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Illinois; commonly found in wet, lowland areas.
Bark color and texture
Bark is silvery gray, realtively smooth when young, becoming slightly platy or shaggy.
This plant has long thorns on the stems.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; dull, gray-green; elliptical with toothed margins.
Fall color is orange-red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are unpleasantly scented; small creamy white flowers in broad, flat clusters; late spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
This tree yields persistent red fruits (pomes) that are speckled with white. Larger than fruit of other hawthorns.
Cultivars and their differences
Ohio Pioneer Dotted Hawthorn (Crataegus punctata 'Ohio Pioneer'): A thornless tree reaching 20 to 30 feet high and wide.