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Cypress vine (ANNUAL VINE)

The cultivar Alba has white flowers instead of red.

Cypress vine is an annual vine with bright red flowers that attract hummingbirds.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.


Botanical name:

Ipomoea quamoclit

All Common Names:

Cypress vine

Family (English):

Morning glory

Family (Botanic):


Tree or Plant Type:

  • Vine

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Container,
  • Mixed border

Size Range:

  • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil

Season of Interest:

  • Early summer,
  • Mid summer,
  • Late summer

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Red,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Vining

Growth Rate:

  • Fast

More Information:

Size and Method of Climbing

Cypress vine can grow 10-15 feet in a season.  It is a twining vine.   Twining vines climb by twisting their stems or leaf stalks around a support.  This type of vine grows well on trellises, arbors, wires or chain-link fences.

Plant Care

Full sun and moist, well-drained soil is best.  Easy to grow from seed.  Seeds should be scarified (nicked slightly) and then soak overnight before planting.  Start seeds indoors about 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost.  Transplant outside after the danger of frost has passed.

Disease, pests, and problems

No common, serious problems.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to tropical America.

Leaf description

The dark green leaves are deeply and finely cut, giving them a feathery look.

Flower description

The red, tubular flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds.

Fruit description

The fruit is a dry capsule; not ornamentally important.

Cultivars and their differences

White cypress vine  (Ipomoea quamoclit 'Alba'):  This cultivar has white flowers.


Location of Ipomoea quamoclit (Cypress vine (ANNUAL VINE)) at the Arboretum

We do not seem to have this in our living collection.