Common yarrow is a strongly aromatic, spreading perennial for hot, dry sites. Numerous, small white flowers are borne in terminal dense clusters blooming in mid-to -late summer above the fern-like, small, gray-green leaves.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Mixed border
- Large plant (more than 24 inches),
- Medium plant (12-24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil
Seasons of Interest:
- late summer
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
An upright, erect plant growing 1 to 2 feet high.
Foliage is often mat-like to erect and spreading.
Best in full sun in hot dry site.
Does require well drained soil in acid to alkaline soil pH.
Tends to be floppy and may require staking.
Some yarrow can become weedy and aggressive by spreading rapidly from invasive rhizomes.
Deadhead early to promote longer blooming period and prevents seedlings.
Foliage can be cut to ground mid-spring to produce shorter, stockier stems.
Leave basal foliage over winter to provide protection, cut back in spring.
Disease, pests, and problems
Powdery mildew, stem rot in wet sites.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Deer resistant, drought tolerant
Attracts birds or pollinators
Beneficial to bees, butterflies, and several other pollinators.
Birds use leaves to line nests.
Native geographic location and habitat
Europe, Western Asia, and introduced to North America
Dark green to gray-green, deeply cut (bipinnate), fern-like foliage is 3 to 5 inches long near base of plants getting smaller near the top of stems
Foliage is aromatic when crushed.
Numerous, tiny white flowers borne in flat-topped clusters (corymbs), 2 to 3 inches across at terminal ends of stalk.
Flowers mid to late summer.
Good fresh or dried flower.