The yellow, strap-like flowers of this native shrub are among the last blooms to appear in fall, but are often hidden by the leaves. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. The fruit capsules mature a year after flowering, splitting open to expel seeds that are attractive to birds. Tolerant of road salt and clay soil, this is a great specimen plant, or for naturalized landscape.
"This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research."
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Mixed border,
- Small tree (15-25 feet),
- Compact tree (10-15 feet),
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil,
- Road salt
Season of Interest:
- Early fall,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size and Form
15 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; irregular form at maturity.
In part shade it will have a more open habit than in full sun.
Tree & Plant Care
Performs best in moist, well-drained soil high in organic matter, but can tolerate clay soil. Mulch to keep soil moist. Avoid dry conditions.
One of the most salt-tolerant shrubs.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the eastern United States.
Commonly found in wooded areas.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Seeds are eaten by a number of species of birds.
Serves as a host plant for the larvae of the spring azure butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Tan-colored lenticels are prominent in older grayish stems.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves are oval and irregular with wavy or toothed margins; 6 inches long.
Leaves are green in summer, changing to a clear yellow in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
1 inch, yellow, strap-like petals flower in late October when leaves are still present.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit is a capsule which ripens in the fall.
Cultivars and their differences
Champlin's Red common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Champlin's Red'): Vase-shaped to rounded 8 to 10 feet high; fragrant, yellow with a tinge of red at base of flowers
Harvest Moon common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Harvest Moon'): 10 to 15 feet high; showy, fragrant lemon-yellow flowers
Little Suzie common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Little Suzie'): Compact, 4 to 6 feet high; soft sulfur-yellow flowers
Pendula common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Pendula'): a slightly weeping form, 6 foot high by 12 feet wide; yellow fragrant flowers