Common fig is a medium to large shrub or small compact tree reaching 10 to 12 feet high. Will die back to the ground in northern climates if not winter protected. Large course leaves and edible fruit add summer interest. Can be grown in containers.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Compact tree (10-15 feet),
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil
Season of Interest:
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & Form
A large to medium shrub to small tree reaching 10 to 20 feet high
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun to light shade in a well-drained protected site.
Water regularly for good root growth.
Plants can dieback to ground in northern climates. Add extra winter protection.
Can be grown in containers and brought indoors to a basement or garage for winter.
Disease, pests, and problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Western China and Medirranean region
Bark color and texture
Smooth, gray trunks on older plants
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, large, up to 8 inch long, palmate leaves with 3 to 5 lobes.
Dark green with pale green underneath.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Small, non-showy greenish flowers form within a hollow receptacle near the branch tips.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
The showy, edible fruit (fig) develops within each flower receptacle in late summer or fall on the new wood.
Cultivars and their differences
Brown Turkey Fig (Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'): A hardier, adaptable fig for northern climates; sweet, edible purple brown fruit
Chicago Hardy (Ficus carica 'Chicago Hardy'): A good cultivar for colder climates; rounded habit, reaches 15 to 20 feet in protected site. Hardy to zone 5; purple plum fruits (pomes)