An irregularly shaped, loosely branched, native shrub reaching 6 to 8 feet high. In springtime the bright yellow flowers smell like cloves.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- North America
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dry sites,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early spring,
- mid spring
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & form
An irregularly shaped shrub with cascading, arching stems. Plants reach 6 to 8 feet high and wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Best grown in full sun to part shade. Prefers organically rich moist to well-drained soil. Tolerant of poor soils and drought once established.
Avoid overhead watering to prevent mildew. Renewal prune in early spring.
Plants may sucker forming small colonies.
Disease, pests, and problems
Anthacnose, mildew, leaf spots, rust
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Rabbits, drought, erosion, clay
Native geographic location and habitat
Native from SD to TX, MN, IL.
Found on rocky bluffs, slopes and along stream banks.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Birds and butterflies
Bark color and texture
Deep brown, loosely branched, thornless stems.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, blue-green ovate to rounded, 3-lobed leaves.
Fall color is a dull yellow brown.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Dioecious, bright yellow trumpet-shaped, clove-scented flowers in 5 to 10 nodding racemes.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female plants have 1/3-inch purple-black berries in June.