This large deciduous shrub or small tree, with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Mixed border,
- Small tree (15-25 feet),
- Compact tree (10-15 feet),
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Wet soil
- Wet sites,
- Occasional flooding
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Tree & Plant Care
10 to 20 feet high and wide; multi-stemmed shrub.
Best in part shade condition, tolerant of sun with adequate soil moisture.
Great plant for wet sites.
Colony-forming, spreading by sucker growth. Prune to control size.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious problems
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity, salt.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the United States.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Red fruit is attractive to birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Bark is light gray and relatively smooth, with lighter vertical lines.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; oval and about 2 inches long.
Dark green in summer, changing to orange and red in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
White flowers in loose clusters in spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Red, berry-like fruits (pomes); edible.
Cultivars and their differences
Rainbow Pillar® Canada serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis 'Glennform' ): 20 feet high by 6 feet wide; upright form; fall color is a mix of red, yellow and orange.