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Canada anemone

Canada anemone growing in a group.

Canada anemone, also known as meadow anemone is a fast spreading, colony-forming, North American native perennial found growing in moist meadows, along wet wood edges, and along stream banks. Attractive, spring-blooming, white flowers have showy yellow center stamens on long, stalked branches. 

This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.   

 

Botanical name:

Anemone canadensis

All Common Names:

Canada anemone, meadow anemone, round-headed anemone, crowfoot anemone

Family (English):

Buttercup

Family (Botanic):

Ranunculaceae

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Perennial

Native Locale:

  • Chicago area,
  • Illinois,
  • North America

Landscape Uses:

  • Foundation,
  • Massing,
  • Mixed border,
  • Patio/sidewalk,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 3,
  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7,
  • Zone 8,
  • Zone 9

Soil Preference:

  • Alkaline soil,
  • Moist, well-drained soil,
  • Sandy soil

Tolerances:

  • Occasional drought,
  • Wet sites,
  • Occasional flooding,
  • Alkaline soil,
  • Road salt

Season of Interest:

  • Late spring,
  • Early summer,
  • Mid summer

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Upright

Growth Rate:

  • Fast

More Information:

Size

Colony-forming, 18 to 24 inches high and 24 to 36 inches wide
Spreads by rhizomes

Plant Care

Sun to part shade in moist woodlands
Naturalizes in moist areas
Avoid windy sites
Can be an aggressive spreader

Disease, pests, and problems

Leaf spots, powdery mildew, rust, and slugs

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Salt and deer

Native geographic location and habitat

Found throughout North America, MT to ND, MN, ME. 
Occurs in northern and central IL
C-Value: 4

Attracts birds, butterflies or pollinators

Butterflies and other pollinators

Leaf description

Clusters of basal leaves up to 3 inches long with deeply divided, 3 to 5 lobes, then subdivided into 2 to 3 secondary lobes.
Dark green with toothed margins.

Flower description

Flower stems are about 12 inches high above leaves where flowers form on long pedicels (stems).
Flowers are 1 to 1 1/2 inches wide with 5 white petals /sepals have bright yellow centers (anthers).
Flowers are long blooming from late spring to mid-summer

Fruit descriptions

Cluster of achenes

Location of Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone) at the Arboretum