Bugbane is a low maintenance, shade-tolerant perennial with late season spikes of white flower on tall wiry stems. It creates a great vertical accent for a shade garden, perennial border or along a pond edge.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- North America
- Mixed border
- Large plant (more than 24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Occasional flooding
Season of Interest:
- Late summer,
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Dense fibrous roots mound into large shiny leaves. Plants reach 4 to 6 feet high when in flower.
Best in part shade to dense shade in organic rich, slightly acidic soil. Avoid wet sites.
If grown in full sun, provide adequate soil moisture. Avoid hot afternoon sun.
Division is difficult and best to let plants remain undisturbed.
Staking wiry flower stalks may be needed.
Allow seedheads to remain in fall for winter interest, cut back in spring.
If lack of snow cover in northern climates add winter mulch to protect crown of plants.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots and rust
Native geographic location and habitat
Eastern U.S. from Ont. to ME; south to AR, MS & GA
Deeply cut leaves are 1 to 4 inches long; ternately-compound (divided into 3 segments, 3 times); ovate and irregularly toothed.
Long racemes of creamy white flowers are often branches at the base of terminal flower heads on long wiry stems.
Flowers open in late summer and persist for 3 to 4 weeks. Excellent for woodland settings.
May require 3 to 4 years to flower
A dehiscent fruit (follicle) can add winter interest