Due to susceptibility to cankers, black poplar is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Black poplar is difficult to find in the nursery trade due to its short-lived, weedy nature.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Wet soil
- Dry sites,
- Wet sites,
- Occasional flooding,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Weak wood and branch structure
- Fall color,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Cavity-nesting birds,
- Game birds,
- Large mammals,
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Best growth is in moist sites, but the tree is able to tolerate some dryness.
Aggressive roots can cause damage to drainage systems.
Disease, pests, and problems
Use of this tree is limited by a serious canker disease.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and northern Africa.
Bark color and texture
Gray bark is roughly ridged an furrowed.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves are nearly triangular in outline; 2 to 4 inches long and wide. Leaves are medium green, turning yellow in autumn.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Male and female flowers are on separate trees (dioecious). Not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit occurs on female trees only. Small capsules in hanging clusters. The capsules open to release numerous seeds with fluff attached to them.