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Austrian pine (Not recommended)

Mature specimen of Austrian pine.

Due to susceptibility to many diseases and pests, Austrian pines are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement.

Botanical name:

Pinus nigra

All Common Names:

Austrian pine

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree


  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Screen,
  • Shade tree,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

Mature Height:

50-60 feet

Mature Width:

20-40 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 3,
  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7

Soil Preference:

  • Dry soil


  • Dry sites,
  • Occasional drought,
  • Alkaline soil,
  • Clay soil

Acid Soils:

  • Tolerant

Alkaline Soils:

  • Tolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Tolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Intolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Tolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Tolerant

Ornamental Interest:

  • Attractive bark

Season of Interest:

  • Early winter,
  • Mid winter,
  • Late winter,
  • Early spring,
  • Mid spring,
  • Late spring,
  • Early summer,
  • Mid summer,
  • Late summer,
  • Early fall,
  • Mid fall,
  • Late fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Inconspicuous

Shape or Form:

  • Pyramidal

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

Transplants Well:

  • No

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

Planting is not recommended due to the tree’s susceptibility to various disease and insect problems.

Disease, pests, and problems

The Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of  fungal diseases including lophodermium needle cast, diplodia (sphaeropsis) tip blight, and wood rots and decays.  Insects such as the European pine sawfly, various weevils, and the Zimmerman pine moth can damage Austiran pine.  The tree can also be damaged by the yellow-bellied sapsucker.  

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Europe

Bark color and texture 

The tree has plate-like, furrowed bark that is dark brown to black in color. 

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Needles are 3 to 6 inches long and held in bundles of two.  They have a stiff texture, toothed margins and a sharp, horny point.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Monoecious.  Not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Woody cone;  oval, stalkless;  3 inches long.



Location of Pinus nigra (Austrian pine (Not recommended)) at the Arboretum