Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds.
This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median,
- Under utility lines
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Mixed border,
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Spring blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Edible fruit,
- Fragrant flowers,
- Showy fruit,
- Showy flowers,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Insect pollinators,
Tree & Plant Care
An understory tree best sited in part shade.
This is a great tree for naturalizing. Wonderful when mixed with conifers and hardwoods.
Intolerant of salt and drought.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the Midwest and northeastern United States.
Commonly found in wooded areas.
Bark color and texture
Bark is smooth and silver-gray, with light vertical stripes.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple and alternate. Oval leaves emerge with a distinctive red tinge before turning green to dark green. Fall color varies from yellow to orange to red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fragrant white flowers in May; held on loose clusters.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small, dark purple, 3/8” berry-like fruit (pome) is edible.
Cultivars and their differences
“This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits."
Cumulus Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'Cumulus'): 20 to 30 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright-oval form; flowers abundantly in spring; yellow to orange-red fall color.
Lustre® Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'Rogers'): 20-30 fett high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit; flowers abundantly in spring; leaves emerge purplish, become shiny green in summer and turn to ornage and red in fall.
Prince Charles Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis ‘Prince Charles’): 20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide; upright form. New leaves emerge bronzy-red, turning blue-green in summer, then change to an attractive orange-red fall color.
Spring Flurry® Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'JFS-Arb'): 30 feet high by 20 feet wide; upright-oval form; orange fall color.
The following are cultivars of Amelanchier x grandiflora, which is a hybrid between downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).
Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’): 20 to 25 feet high and wide; red fall color.
Cole's Select apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole's Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage.
Forest Prince apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; oval habit and red-orange fall color.
Princess Diana apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’): 20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color.
Robin Hill apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’): 20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color.