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Allegheny serviceberry

White spring flowers of Allegheny serviceberry.

Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds.

This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. bract

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

Botanical name:

Amelanchier laevis

All common names:

Allegheny serviceberry, smooth shadbush, Juneberry

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Planting Site:

  • Residential and parks,
  • City parkway,
  • Wide median,
  • Under utility lines

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree


  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)

Native Locale:

  • Chicago area,
  • Illinois,
  • North America

Landscape Uses:

  • Massing,
  • Mixed border,
  • Parkway/street,
  • Patio/sidewalk,
  • Specimen,
  • Utility

Size Range:

  • Small tree (15-25 feet)

Mature Height:

15-25 feet

Mature Width:

15-25 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7,
  • Zone 8

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil


  • Alkaline soil,
  • Clay soil

Acid Soils:

  • Tolerant

Alkaline Soils:

  • Moderately Tolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Intolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Intolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Intolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Tolerant

Ornamental Interest:

  • Spring blossoms,
  • Fall color,
  • Edible fruit,
  • Fragrant flowers,
  • Showy fruit,
  • Showy flowers,
  • Attractive bark

Seasons of Interest:

  • mid spring,
  • late spring,
  • early summer,
  • midsummer,
  • late summer,
  • early fall,
  • mid fall,
  • late fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Fragrant,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Irregular,
  • Multi-stemmed,
  • Narrow,
  • Round

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

Transplants Well:

  • No


  • Birds,
  • Insect pollinators,
  • Mammals

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

 An understory tree best sited in part shade.
This is a great  tree for naturalizing.  Wonderful when mixed with conifers and hardwoods.
Intolerant of salt and drought.

Disease, pests and problems

No serious problems.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Native geographic location and habitat

C-Value: 8
Native to the Midwest and northeastern United States.
Commonly found in wooded areas.

Bark color and texture

Bark is smooth and silver-gray, with light vertical stripes.

Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple and alternate.  Oval leaves emerge with a distinctive red tinge before turning green to dark green. Fall color varies from yellow to orange to red.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Fragrant white flowers in May; held on loose clusters.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Small, dark purple, 3/8” berry-like fruit (pome)  is edible.

Cultivars and their differences 

“This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits."

Cumulus Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'Cumulus'): 20 to 30 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright-oval form; flowers abundantly in spring;  yellow to orange-red fall color.

Lustre® Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'Rogers'): 20-30 fett high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit; flowers abundantly in spring; leaves emerge purplish, become shiny green in summer and turn to ornage and red in fall.

Spring Flurry® Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis 'JFS-Arb'):  30 feet high by 20 feet wide; upright-oval form; orange fall color.


Related hybrids

The following are cultivars of Amelanchier x grandiflora, which is a hybrid between downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).

Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color.

Princess Diana apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color.

Robin Hill apple serviceberry   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color.


Location of Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry) at the Arboretum