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Tree Recommendations

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  • Abies concolor (White fir)

    Close up of white fir branches.
    The white fir is a hardy and ornamental North American native evergreen. Its attractive, blue-green needles curve outward and upward on branches and, when crushed, emit a lemon scent. This choice plant tolerates a wide range of conditions, including drought, heat, and cold temperatures.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • North America
    • 30-50 feet high
    • 15-20 feet wide
    • Shape: Pyramidal
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer buergerianum (Trident maple)

    Trident maple is a medium-sized tree that can be used as a street tree or specimen. The trident-shaped leaves turn shades of red and orange in autumn.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 25-35 feet high
    • 15-25 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round
    • Fall color, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer freemanii (Freeman's maple)

    Auttum Blaze Freeman's maple in fall color.
    This sturdy hybrid is very common in this region, often serving as a parkway or street tree. It has a brilliant, red-orange color in the fall. Freeman's maple is a hybrid of the red maple and silver maple; the cross yields both the strong branch attachment of the red maple and fast growth rate of the silver maple. Freeman's maple is also less susceptible to chlorosis symptoms than the red or silver maples.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Moderately Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 40-60 feet high
    • 20-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Columnar, Oval, Pyramidal, Upright
    • Fall color, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
  • Acer freemanii 'Marmo' (Marmo Freeman maple)

    Marmo Freeman maple in fall color.
    This Chicagoland Grows® introduction has a beautiful mix of fall color, displaying a mottled blend of red and green to burgundy and yellow.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 45-70 feet high
    • 35-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Upright
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
  • Acer griseum (Paper-barked maple)

    Attractive, peeling bark of parper-barked maple.
    This attractive small- to medium-sized ornamental tree is excellent for a small area or for adding structure to a mixed perennial garden. Paper-barked maple is a great plant for four seasons: Winter and spring are highlighted with cinnamon-colored, exfoliating bark that is accentuated by light snow, while summer brings delicate leaves with a bluish cast that can turn bronze in fall.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Moderately Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 20-30 feet high
    • 10-30 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Fall color, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer japonicum (Fullmoon maple)

    Fall color of fullmoon maple.
    Fullmoon maple is very similar in appearance to the true Japanese maple (Acer palmatum). It varies in size by cultivar and can be a large shrub or a small tree. The divided foliage, small, dangling purple flowers and fall color make this a multi-season tree.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 20-30 feet high
    • 20-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer maximowiczii (syn. Acer nikoense) (Nikko maple)

    Unlike other maples, the Nikko maple does not have the traditional "maple" leaf. Each leaf is divided into three leaflets. The leaves turn to shades of red and orange in autumn, giving this medium-sized tree some late-season interest.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 30-45 feet high
    • 30-45 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer miyabei (Miyabe's maple)

    Early fall color of miyabe's maple.
    Wide branches that sweep low to the ground and deeply furrowed, corky bark are among the charms of this densely branched shade tree. Though Miyabe’s maple is listed as endangered in its native habitat in Japan, several cultivars are considered hardy, adaptable urban street trees. The dark green leaves turn golden in fall.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Moderately Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 30-60 feet high
    • 20-50 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
  • Acer miyabei 'Morton' (STATE STREET™ Miyabe's maple)

    State Street miyabe's maple starting to change color for fall.
    This Chicagoland Grows® introduction has shown excellent heat and drought tolerance, as well as tolerance of alkaline soils. STATE STREET™ Miyabe's maple has thick, five-lobed, attractive, medium- to dark-green leaves that remain long into fall, then rapidly change to a pale golden-yellow fall color.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Moderately Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 40-45 feet high
    • 30-35 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Fall color, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer negundo (Boxelder)

    Leaves of the boxelder tree.
    Boxelder is actually a maple tree. This native tree, while very cold hardy, is not widely sold due to its ability to self-seed aggressively. It also attracts boxelder bugs which often enter homes in fall.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 30-50 feet high
    • 30-50 feet wide
    • Shape: Irregular, Round
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Aggressive
    2. Excessive sucker growth
    3. Highly susceptible to ice damage
    4. Messy fruit/plant parts
    5. Weak wood and branch structure
  • Acer palmatum (Japanese maple)

    Japanese maple tree in fall color.
    Varying in size from large shrub to small tree, Japanese maple is a species with many variations. Many cultivars are available with different characteristics such as finely dissected leaves and weeping branches. Not all cultivars are fully hardy in zone 5 and may need protection in winter.

    Site conditions

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Moderately Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 15-25 feet high
    • 15-35 feet wide
    • Shape: Broad, Multi-stemmed, Round, Weeping
    • Fall color, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Moderate

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore maple)

    Esk Sunset has beautiful colored leaves.
    Sycamore maple can be used as a street tree and as a shade tree. The dangling clusters of small yellow flowers are slightly showy in spring. This non-native species provides no fall color.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 40-60 feet high
    • 35-60 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Moderate

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Acer rubrum (Red maple)

    Red maple in full fall color.
    Red maple is a widely adaptable large tree common to the woods of eastern North America. A red tinge can be found in its flowers, twigs, and seeds, but it is most notable for the scarlet of its leaves in fall. Red maple needs plenty of room for its dense, spreading root system. Fall color can be yellow rather than red, so select a cultivar bred for red fall color.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 40-60 feet high
    • 35-45 feet wide
    • Shape: Irregular, Oval, Round
    • Fall color, Showy fruit
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
    2. Intolerant of pollution
  • Acer saccharum (Sugar maple)

    Sugar maple showing bright orange yellow fall color.
    Sugar maple is a Midwest native loved for its exceptional fall color ranging from brilliant yellow to burnt-orange. In summer, its lustrous foliage provides excellent shade, making it a great choice for parks, golf courses, and home landscapes where its roots can spread. Black maple (Acer nigrum), once considered a separate species, is now included as a subspecies of sugar maple.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 60-75 feet high
    • 40-50 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
    2. Intolerant of pollution
  • Acer saccharum 'Morton' (CRESCENDO™ sugar maple)

    Orange-red fall color on Crescendo sugar maple.
    The CRESCENDO™ sugar maple was introduced by The Morton Arboretum through Chicagoland® Grows. Its dark green leaves turn an orange-red in the fall. Once established, this tree is tolerant of heat and drought.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 40-45 feet high
    • 30-35 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
    2. Intolerant of pollution
  • Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum (Black maple)

    Early fall color developing on black maple leaves.
    Black maple, once considered a separate species, is now considered a subspecies of sugar maple (Acer saccharum). It displays similar characteristics: dense, rounded crown; dark, furrowed bark; and brilliant fall color. It is a commonly planted tree in this region.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 60-75 feet high
    • 40-50 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Fall color
    • Transplants well: Moderate

    Planting Considerations

    1. Commonly planted
  • Acer triflorum (Three-flowered maple)

    Leaves of three-flowered maple.
    The shaggy peeling bark and glorious yellow, orange, and red fall foliage make up for the inconspicuous nature of this ornamental tree's namesake flowers. Three-flowered maple is a fine specimen tree for gardens, with a habit that can be upright or spreading.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Intolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Moderately Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 20-30 feet high
    • 20-30 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Upright
    • Fall color, Persistent fruit/seeds, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Moderate

    Planting Considerations

    1. May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Acer truncatum (Shantung maple)

    The star-shaped leaves of Shantung maple.
    Shantung maple, an Asian species, makes a good specimen or street tree. It is also small enough to use under power lines. The glossy foliage emerges with a reddish color and then changes to a dark green. In fall, the foliage takes on shades of yellow, orange, red and even some purple.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 20-25 feet high
    • 15-25 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Fall color, Showy flowers
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Aesculus carnea (Red horse-chestnut )

    The spring flower cluster of red horse-chestnut.
    The red horse-chestnut, a cross between horse-chestnut and red buckeye, is an excellent shade tree for large areas. Its distinctive, rose-red, cone-shaped flower clusters bloom in May among the lustrous dark green leaves.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 30-40 feet high
    • 30-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Spring blossoms, Showy flowers
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    1. Messy fruit/plant parts
  • Aesculus flava (Yellow buckeye)

    Yellow buckeye starting to develop fall color.
    Buckeyes are known for their flower displays in May; yellow buckeyes are no exception. This Illinois native produces yellow flowers in upright clusters measuring up to 6 inches tall. In fall, the leaves display a yellow-orange color. It is susceptible to leaf blotch and may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Illinois, North America
    • 60-80 feet high
    • 25-35 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Upright
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    1. May be difficult to find in nurseries
    2. Messy fruit/plant parts
  • Aesculus glabra (Ohio buckeye)

    The flower cluster of Ohio buckeye.
    The Ohio buckeye is a neatly rounded tree with low, sweeping branches and dense foliage that provides deep shade. It is one of the first trees to leaf out in the spring. This tree is susceptible to leaf blotch.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Moderately Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 20-40 feet high
    • 20-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Round
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    1. Messy fruit/plant parts
  • Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut)

    Horse-chestnut tree in full flower.
    Horse chestnut is a large tree known for showy flowers in May. The clusters of white flowers may be 6 inches tall or more. This non-native can be messy when its fruit drops and offers little in the way of fall color.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Moderately Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Moderately Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 50-75 feet high
    • 40-65 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Spring blossoms, Showy flowers
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    1. Messy fruit/plant parts
  • Aesculus pavia (Red buckeye)

    The pinkish-red flowers of red buckeye.
    Red buckeye is quite lovely in spring, with its tall clusters of red flowers. It is a small tree, able to be planted under power lines. This tree is susceptible to leaf blotch.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Moderately Tolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Illinois, North America
    • 15-20 feet high
    • 15-30 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Round, Upright
    • Spring blossoms, Showy flowers
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    1. Messy fruit/plant parts
  • Alnus incana (European white alder)

    European white alder in late season.
    European white alder is a fast-growing tree that may be considered as a street tree. Early spring flowers are interesting, but not really showy. This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 40-60 feet high
    • 20-40 feet wide
    • Shape: Oval, Pyramidal
    • Spring blossoms, Persistent fruit/seeds, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Alnus incana subsp. rugosa (Speckled alder)

    Leaves of speckled alder.
    Speckled alder is a smaller tree that is appropriate for planting under power lines. Early spring flowers are interesting, but not really showy. This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Intolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 15-25 feet high
    • 15-25 feet wide
    • Shape: Multi-stemmed
    • Spring blossoms, Persistent fruit/seeds, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Alnus maritima (Seaside alder)

    Seaside alder in winter.
    Seaside alder is a fast-growing native tree. It stays short enough to be used under utility lines, but may be difficult to locate in local nurseries.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Prefers

    Tree qualities

    • North America
    • 20-30 feet high
    • 16-20 feet wide
    • Shape: Pyramidal
    • Fall color, Persistent fruit/seeds
    • Transplants well:

    Planting Considerations

    1. Intolerant of pollution
    2. May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Amelanchier arborea (Downy serviceberry)

    Downy serviceberry leaves and flowers emerging in spring.
    Downy serviceberry is a four-season plant offering white flowers in spring, small red berries in summer, excellent fall color and gray bark in winter. The fruit is usually eaten very quickly by birds.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Prefers
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Moderately Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 15-25 feet high
    • Variable wide
    • Shape: Narrow
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Edible fruit, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. Intolerant of pollution
  • Amelanchier interior (Inland shadbush)

    Leaves and fruit of inland shadbush.
    Inland shadbush is related to serviceberry and offers similar ornamental features (white flowers, small red berries, excellent fall color). This species may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 15-25 feet high
    • 20-30 feet wide
    • Shape: Multi-stemmed, Narrow, Round
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Edible fruit, Fragrant flowers, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Yes

    Planting Considerations

    1. May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry)

    White spring flowers of Allegheny serviceberry.
    Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds.

    Site conditions

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Intolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Intolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Tolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Chicago area, Illinois, North America
    • 15-25 feet high
    • 15-25 feet wide
    • Shape: Irregular, Multi-stemmed, Narrow, Round
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Edible fruit, Fragrant flowers, Showy fruit, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: No

    Planting Considerations

    None
  • Amelanchier x grandiflora (Apple serviceberry)

    Fruit of apple serviceberry.
    Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden. This tree is a hybrid between two native serviceberries, downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).

    Site conditions

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
    • Acid Soils: Tolerant
    • Alkaline Soils: Moderately Tolerant
    • Salt Spray: Tolerant
    • Soil Salt: Intolerant
    • Drought Conditions: Moderately Tolerant
    • Poor Drainage: Intolerant

    Tree qualities

    • Non-native
    • 20-25 feet high
    • 20-25 feet wide
    • Shape: Multi-stemmed, Round, Upright
    • Spring blossoms, Fall color, Edible fruit, Showy fruit, Showy flowers, Attractive bark
    • Transplants well: Moderate

    Planting Considerations

    None

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