Botanical Name: Betula nigra
Common Name: River Birch*
Click on an image to enlarge.
Height: 40-70' Spread: 40-60' Habit/Form: Pyramidal to rounded Growth Rate: Medium/Fast Zone: 3-9
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade; moist to well-drained acidic soil, develops iron chlorosis in high pH; tolerant of temporary flooding; benefits with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods.
Ornamental Characteristics: Attractive cinnamon-colored peeling bark adds winter interest; dark green leaves turn yellow in fall
Use in the Landscape: Native to Midwest; handsome specimen tree
Butterfly Caterpillar/larval Host: Tiger Swallowtail, Mourning Cloak, Compton Tortoiseshell
Nectar Source/Butterflies Attracted: Northern Pearly Eye (sap)
Birds Attracted: Pine siskin, great blue heron, goldfinch, scarlet tanager, grosbeaks, blue jay, sapsuckers, warblers, and many others
Plant Appeal for Birds: Seeds that ripen in October- November and persist through winter; insects on leaves; shelter; nesting site; sap
Aerial Salt Tolerance: Moderate degree of salt tolerance. Use in low salt areas.
Plant tolerant of flooded areas for extended periods of time.
Native to Illinois
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