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TREES & Plants

Tree and plant descriptions

  • Sycamore

    Platanus occidentalis
    Plant advice at The Morton Arboretum: The sycamore is a grand, stately shade tree for a larger site. It has broad green leaves but is most recognizable by its peeling bark, with patches of white and gray.
  • Tamarack

    Larix laricina
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Tamarack is a beautiful native conifer that loses its needles in fall. It is native to the Chicago region, but is on the list of threatened plants for the state of Illinois.
  • Tea viburnum

    Viburnum setigerum
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: This little known viburnum produces a spectacular display of fruit in late season. The white flowers are not as showy as those of other viburnum, but still attractive.
  • Thornless honey-locust

    Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The light, dappled shade cast by the lacy foliage of this attractive tree is only one of its virtues. It also is durable and adaptable, tolerating a wide range of soil conditions as well as drought, and road salt, and has a lovely yellow fall color. As a result, honey locust is overused in city and suburban landscapes. For the sake of species diversity, it should only be planted after careful consideration of alternatives. The native species of honey-locust has large thorns on its stems and bark. For this reason, thornless honey locust, also known as Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis, is most commonly sold.
  • Three-flowered maple

    Acer triflorum
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The three flowers that give this small ornamental tree its name are inconspicuous, but the shaggy peeling bark and glorious yellow, orange and red fall foliage make up for it. Three-flowered maple tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and is a fine specimen tree for gardens, with a habit that can be upright or spreading.
  • Trailing juniper

    Juniperus horizontalis
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Trailing juniper is a low shrub or ground cover-type evergreen, native to North America.
  • Trumpet Vine

    Campsis radicans
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Trumpet vine is a woody, clinging vine which attaches itself to structures by aerial rootlets. It can rapidly grow to 30 to 40 feet high. Terminal clusters of 2 to 3 inch long, red trumpet-shaped flowers attract hummingbirds throughout the summer.
  • Tulip-tree

    Liriodendron tulipifera
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The tulip-tree is one of the largest native trees in North America. It is a member of the magnolia family and has distinct tulip-shaped characteristic in its leaves, flowers and fruit. The showy, goblet-shaped, orange-yellow-green flowers appear in late spring after the leaves. The cone-like seed cluster sit upright on the branches and golden yellow fall color make this an choice for large landscapes.
  • Tupelo

    Nyssa sylvatica
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk.As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet.
  • Turkish hazelnut

    Corylus colurna
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Turkish hazelnut is an excellent hardy tree for lawns, street plantings, and urban conditions. Its heavy-textured, dark green foliage is free of insect and disease. This tree is also pH adaptable and tolerant of heat, cold, and drought once it is established.