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TREES & plants

Tree and plant descriptions

  • Angelica tree

    Aralia elata
    This unusual plant is hard to define. It grows tall enough in the wild to be a tree, but is often a large shrub in landscapes. Large clusters of tiny white flowers appear in late summer followed by small, black fruit. Stems are thorny. Angelica tree has become invasive in a few areas.
  • Anglo-Japanese yew

    Taxus x media
    Anglo-Japanese yew is a very popular hybrid between English and Japanese yew species often used as hedges, specimens and foundation plants. Hardy and resilient, yews are very tolerant of urban conditions and are one of the few evergreens that tolerate heavy shade.
  • Apple serviceberry

    Amelanchier x grandiflora
    Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden. This tree is a hybrid of two native species of serviceberry.
  • Atlantic white-cedar

    Chamaecyparis thyoides
    Atlantic white-cedar is an attractive plant, but is not commonly found in landscapes. It may be difficult to find in nurseries as well. This tree requires moist to wet sites and is very intolerant of drought.
  • Austrian pine (Not recommended)

    Pinus nigra
    Due to susceptibility to many diseases and pests, Austrian pines are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement.
  • Autumn moor grass

    Sesleria autumnalis
    Autumn moor grass is a cool-season, clumping grass, with foliage that is semi-evergreen to evergreen (depending on climate). Flowers are less showy than many other grasses but the plants are durable and can tolerate light shade.
  • Bald-cypress

    Taxodium distichum
    This stately conifer, native to the Midwest, often is found in groupings in parks and larger spaces, along streets, and around lakes. Unlike most cone-bearing trees, bald-cypress loses its needles each winter and grows a new set in spring. Hardy and tough, this tree will adapt to a wide range of soil types, whether wet, dry, or even swampy.
  • Balkan pine

    Pinus peuce
    Balkan pine is not well known, but has potential to be an attractive landscape plant in residential yards. This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries.
  • Balsam Fir

    Abies balsamea
    Balsam fir is native to the far northern parts of the United States, up into Canada. This evergreen tree has flat, dark green needles with a strong balsam scent. Balsam fir makes a striking figure in the landscape with its narrowly-pyramidal shape, but it does best in cooler northern climates.
  • Bayberry

    Myrica pensylvanica
    A pleasantly aromatic large shrub. Bayberry is an upright-rounded, dense shrub with semi-evergreen dark green, leathery-like leaves and small waxy, persistent blue-gray fruit, which add winter interest and attract many species of birds. Native along the coast of the eastern U. S., can be used in a shrub border, in mass, or informal foundation planting.