TREES & plants

Tree and plant descriptions

  • Downy serviceberry

    Amelanchier arborea
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Downy serviceberry is a four-season plant offering white flowers in spring, small red berries in summer, excellent fall color and gray bark in winter. The fruit is usually eaten very quickly by birds.
  • Dwarf Fothergilla

    Fothergilla gardenii
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Dwarf fothergilla is a great multi-season shrub offering white flowers in spring, good gray-green leaves in summer and yellow, orange and red color in autumn.
  • Eastern arborvitae

    Thuja occidentalis
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The eastern arborvitae is an extremely common evergreen tree or shrub, used often as a specimen, in hedges, or for privacy. The small cones that open up to look like small flowers and appeal to birds such as cardinals, grosbeaks, and chickadees. There are many cultivars that vary in height and other characteristics. On some varieties, the foliage may discolor in winter.
  • Eastern cottonwood

    Populus deltoides
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas.
  • Eastern hemlock

    Tsuga canadensis
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: One of the more shade-tolerant evergreens, the eastern hemlock has many uses as a specimen, sheared as a hedge, or planted for screening. Native to the eastern United States, the hemlock resembles a large Christmas tree with its broadly pyramidal, pendulous branches; fine, dark-green needles; and abundant brown cones that hang from branches like small ornaments.
  • Eastern red-cedar

    Juniperus virginiana
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Eastern red-cedar is native to eastern North America. These cold-hardy, adaptable evergreen trees serve many purposes in the landscape, especially in sites that are dry, alkaline or windy. Because they are quite salt-tolerant, they can be used near roads, driveways, and sidewalks.
  • Eastern white pine

    Pinus strobus
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The Eastern white pine is a tree for landscapes with ample space. Its fine feathery needles, open canopy, and straight trunk get more picturesque with age. Trees are fast-growing and long-lived.
  • Elm cultivars

    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: A number of elms are available that can resist the pathogen that causes the devastating Dutch elm disease. Since the disease first began mowing down American elms in the 1930s, scientists and breeders have been developing alternatives. Most of these trees are hybrids that cross various species of American, Asian and European elms. Some are selections of species that were observed to resist the disease. Not all these trees have the characteristic vase- or fountain-shaped arching branch structure of the beloved American elm, but some come close. Some also have resistance to other disease and pests that trouble elms. As time goes on, better cultivars are developed, but some of the older ones may still be on the market.
  • English oak

    Quercus robur
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: English oak is a long-lived oak with a broadly rounded to spreading habit with a short trunk. It is an excellent specimen tree or can be planted in a grouping in large open landscapes. The acorns form a valuable food source for several small mammals and some birds but trees may take up to 20 years to produce fruit.
  • Eurasian smoke tree

    Cotinus coggygria
    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: The outstanding feature of Eurasian smoke tree is the large, airy, plume-like stalks that hold the small flowers. These pass through several color changes, often a smoky pink, and provide interest all summer.