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  • Florida Corkwood (Leitneria floridana)

    Also known as:

    Florida Corkwood, Corkwood
    Corkwood is a rare colony-forming shrub, occasionally tree, found in wet areas along the coast of Florida and Texas. The elliptical leaves are leathery and remain late into the fall. An interesting choice for wet areas. May be difficult to find in the nursery trade.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Flowering almond (Prunus triloba)

    Also known as:

    Flowering almond, flowering plum, rose tree of China
    Flowering almond is a large shrub or small tree with bright pink flowers. The double flowering form is more popular in the nursery trade.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)

    Also known as:

    Flowering dogwood
    Flowering dogwood is a small to medium woodland understory tree, native throughout most of the eastern United States. Showy white, red or pink flowering bracts appear before the leaves in early spring. Dark green summer foliage turns a brilliant reddish purple in fall. It is sensitive to adverse soil and environmental conditions such as road salt and pollution.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Fountain grass (Pennisetum alopecuroides)

    Also known as:

    Fountain grass, hardy fountain grass
    Fountain grass, Pennisetum alopecuroides, is a non-native grass used for its mounded habit and brush-like flower spikes. There are different species of fountain grass. Some are hardy in the Chicago region and some are not. P. alopecuroides is hardy in the Chicago region and is sometimes referred to as hardy fountain grass.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Fox Valley™ river birch (Betula nigra 'Little King')

    Also known as:

    Fox Valley™ river birch
    The Fox Valley™ river birch is a Chicagoland Grows® introduction that demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum)

    Also known as:

    Foxtail barley, squirrel-tail grass
    Foxtail barley is a grass native to much of Illinois. This short grass tolerates a wide range of tough conditions. It should be used with care as it readily self-seeds and can become weedy.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Fragrant snowball (Viburnum x carlcephalum)

    Also known as:

    Fragrant snowball, Carlcephalum viburnum
    Fragrant snowball viburnum is a large, open shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high. It is one of the last of the very fragrant, snowball-shaped flowers to bloom in spring. The dark oval green leaves turn a beautiful reddish-purple in the fall.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica )

    Also known as:

    Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac
    Fragrant sumac is a low growing shrub forming a thick, dense mass of stems. Use as a ground cover, in mass, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. The glossy, blue-green leaves emit a lemon scent when crushed, and turn a mixture of red, burgundy, purple in the fall.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Fragrant viburnum (Viburnum farreri)

    Also known as:

    Fragrant viburnum
    Fragrant viburnum is an old-fashioned shrub grown for its highly sweet, pinkish-white flowers in early spring. The 4-inch long leaves emerge bronzy-green changing to dark green. Fall color is a reddish purple. Plants tend to be leggy and best in a mixed borer where smaller plants can mask the bare stems.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Freeman's maple (Acer freemanii)

    Also known as:

    Freeman's maple, Freeman maple
    This sturdy hybrid is very common in this region, often serving as a parkway or street tree. It has a brilliant, red-orange color in the fall. Freeman's maple is a hybrid of the red maple and silver maple; the cross yields both the strong branch attachment of the red maple and fast growth rate of the silver maple. Freeman's maple is also less susceptible to chlorosis symptoms than the red or silver maples.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus)

    Also known as:

    fringe tree, fringetree, old man's beard, white fringetree
    Fringe tree grows as either a wide-spreading, multi-stemmed shrub or a small tree useful in native woodland gardens, as a specimen plant in groups, borders, or near large buildings. The fringe tree's most outstanding feature is the fragrant, strap-like, white flowers that are borne in six to eight-inch long fleecy panicles in late May to early June.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Frontier elm (Ulmus 'Frontier')

    Also known as:

    Frontier elm
    The Frontier elm has good resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED) and elm yellows and moderate resistance to elm leaf beetle. This hardy, tolerant tree is a good choice for residential landscapes and along city streets.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Fullmoon maple (Acer japonicum)

    Also known as:

    fullmoon maple, full-moon maple, downy Japanese maple
    Fullmoon maple is very similar in appearance to the true Japanese maple (Acer palmatum). It varies in size by cultivar and can be a large shrub or a small tree. The divided foliage, small, dangling purple flowers and fall color make this a multi-season tree.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Garden serviceberry (Amelanchier ovalis)

    Also known as:

    Garden serviceberry, snowy mespilus
    Garden serviceberry, also known as snowy mespilus is a European native. The upright, erect, multi-stemmed shrub is found on limestone outcrops and in rocky woods. The white spring flowers and edible blue berries attract birds and wildlife. This plant may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Georgia bush-honeysuckle (Diervilla rivularis)

    Also known as:

    Georgia bush-honeysuckle, Georgia bush honeysuckle, mountain bush honeysuckle, hairy bush-honeysuckle, riverbank bush honeysuckle
    Georgia bush-honeysuckle, also called mountain bush-honeysuckle is a fast growing, eastern U.S. native found in the southern Appalachian Mountains in moist wooded areas and woodland edges. The mounding habit and arching stems produce small clusters of yellow trumpet blooms in July and August. New growth emerges with a bronze-red foliage, which later turns green then to a lovely red in the fall. Adapts to most soils and is drought tolerant when established.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • German Garlic (Allium senescens)

    Also known as:

    German Garlic, Blue broad-leaved chives, Curly chives, Cowlick chives
    German garlic, also known as broad-leaved chives, is a beautiful perennial adding a long season of interest to the landscape. Dense round clusters of lavender-pink flowers appear above the deep green, glossy foliage mid-summer lasting long into the season. Tolerant of drought, deer, rabbits, and hot weather.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata )

    Also known as:

    giant arborvitae, western arborvitae
    Giant arborvitae is a dense, stately evergreen tree native to the Pacific Northwest, often used as a specimen or for screening. The fresh green foliage consists of flat sprays formed by overlapping scales. The tree supplies seeds and shelter for birds but is less appealing to deer. There are many cultivars that vary in height and other characteristics. On some varieties, the foliage changes color in winter.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)

    Also known as:

    ginkgo, maidenhair tree
    Ginkgo is a very pest-resistant tree. It has interesting, fan-shaped leaves that turn vivid yellow in fall. Only male trees should be purchased as the females produce messy fruit that have a potent odor.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Glossy Abelia (Abelia x grandiflora)

    Also known as:

    Glossy abelia
    A small to medium, rounded shrub with arching stems. The late spring, highly fragrant, bell-shaped white flowers have a pink blush. The dark green, glossy leaves turn a bronze-purple. Effective as a low hedge, specimen plant or en masse on slopes for erosion control.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Goat Willow (Salix caprea)

    Also known as:

    Goat Willow, Pussy willow
    Goat willow is a small compact tree or large shrub with attractive long male catkins appearing before the leaves in early spring.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Goat's Beard (Aruncus dioicus)

    Also known as:

    Goat's beard, Goatsbeard, Bride's Feathers
    Goat's beard is a native, colony-forming perennial for the back of the border shade garden. The tall, erect creamy-white plumes of flowers appear above the fern-like foliage in mid summer.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Golden Hyssop (Agastache aurantiaca)

    Also known as:

    Golden hyssop, Giant hyssop
    Golden hyssop is a short-lived perennial with open airy habit producing golden orange flower spikes. Native to mountain ledges in Arizona to New Mexico this plant requires well-drained sunny locations. In northern climates site in a protected area. Hummingbirds, butterflies are attracted to the late summer flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Golden rain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata)

    Also known as:

    Golden rain tree, panicled goledn rain tree, varnish tree, pride of India
    Golden rain tree is known for its sprays of yellow flowers in summer. The flowers are followed by fruit that are air-filled capsules resembling Japanese lanterns. These fruit change from green to yellow to a fleshy, almost pink color. Because it readily self-sows, it has become a problem in some locations.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Golden St. John's Wort (Hypericum frondosum)

    Also known as:

    Golden St John's Wort, Golden Saint John's wort
    Golden St. John's Wort puts on an explosive display of bright yellow flowers in mid-summer that lasts for 3 to 4 weeks. This shrubby, round shrub has stiff, upright branching, blue-green narrow foliage that turns reddish purple in the fall. The exfoliating bark and persistent seed capsules add winter interest to the landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Golden weeping willow (Salix alba 'Tristis')

    Also known as:

    golden weeping willow
    Golden weeping willow is so named for its brilliant yellow twigs and graceful, drooping form. Like all willows, this cultivar is very tolerant of wet sites; it is also highly susceptible to storm damage.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Goldflame honeysuckle (Lonicera x heckrottii)

    Also known as:

    Goldflame honeysuckle, Goldflame honeysuckle vine
    This twining vine twists and spirals around a supporting plant, trellis, or arbor. In summer, goldflame honeysuckle has clusters of fragrant tubular flowers in vibrant pink and yellow that bloom amid the vines. Unlike some species of honeysuckle, it is not invasive.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Grape-leaved Anemone (Anemone tomentosa)

    Also known as:

    Grape-leaved anemone, Grape-leaf anemone, Robust Wooly anemone, Wooly anemone
    Grape-leaved anemone is an old-fashioned, fast-growing, spreading perennial with coarse, 7-lobed, grape-like leaves. The fall-blooming, 2-inch wide, pale pink flowers rise above the foliage. Thrives in sun or shade.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Gray birch (Betula populifolia )

    Also known as:

    gray birch, white birch, poplar birch
    Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB).

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

    Also known as:

    Gray dogwood, Panicled dogwood
    Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Creamy white clusters of flowers in May are followed by white berries in late summer that are quickly eaten by birds.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Green and gold (Chrysogonum virginianum)

    Also known as:

    Green and gold, goldenstar, golden knee
    Green and gold is a small ground cover that produces an abundance of bright yellow, star-shaped flowers in spring.

    Size Range:

    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America

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