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TREES & plants

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  • Canada Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis)

    Also known as: Canada serviceberry, Canada shadbush, thicket serviceberry, Juneberry, shadblow serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush, shadbush serviceberry, sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry)

    This large deciduous shrub or small tree, with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in Eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada Serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Canada wild rye (Elymus canadensis)

    Also known as: Canada wild rye, Great Plains wild rye, nodding wild rye, Canada lyme grass

    Canada wild rye is a native grass that was part of the tallgrass prairie. It is a cool season, clumping grass, best used in areas where naturalizing is desirable as it has a tendency to self seed.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Canadian buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis)

    Also known as: Russet buffaloberry; Canada buffaloberry; Soapberry; Rabbitberry

    Canadian buffaloberry is a rare Illinois native. A medium-sized shrub with attractive dark green leaves with a silvery underside. Tiny yellow flowers produce red berries. It is not tolerant of summer heat. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Cardinal climber (ANNUAL VINE) (Ipomoea x multifida)

    Also known as: Cardinal climber, cardinal vine

    Cardinal climber or cardinal vine is an annual vine with bright red tubular flowers and cut foliage. It is very attractive to hummingbirds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus )

    Also known as: Carolina-Allspice, Carolina Allspice, Common Sweetshrub, Sweetshrub, Spicebush

    Carolina allspice is a dense, rounded shrub reaching 6 to 9 feet high. It has unusual, strap-like, maroon to reddish-brown flowers with a sweet banana-strawberry fragrance. Fruit is a persistent, urn-shape brown seed pod.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Catawba Rhododendron (Rhododendron catawbiense)

    Also known as: Catawba rhododendron, catabaw rosebay, mountain rosebay

    Catawba rhododendron is a large-leaved, evergreen shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high with large, lilac-purple flowers borne in clusters (trusses) in mid-to late spring. Excellent for shade gardens or in a sheltered site. Requires well-drained, acidic soils. Native to southeastern U.S.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Cayuga viburnum (Viburnum 'Cayuga')

    Also known as: Cayuga viburnum

    Cayuga viburnum is a hybrid cross between Korean spice viburnum and fragrant snowball viburnum, selected for its large, fragrant flower clusters.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus)

    Also known as: Chaste tree

    The chaste tree, which is really a shrub, is a good choice for the shrub border or as a specimen. The upright clusters of lavender-blue, summer-blooming flowers and aromatic gray-green leaves attract butterflies. In northern region, chaste tree should be cut to ground in early spring.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chestnut oak (Quercus montana)

    Also known as: chestnut oak, basket oak, rock oak

    Chestnut oak is native to the far southern edge of Illinois but is hardy in the northern part of the state. Fall color varies from red to orange to yellow-brown.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac (Syringa pekinensis 'Morton')

    Also known as: CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac

    CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac is a Chicagoland Grows® introduction that is both hardy and beautiful, with attractive, exfoliating, amber-colored bark and rounded habit. It is a dependable urban tree and a great choice even for parking lot, boulevard, and parkway plantings.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese catalpa (Catalpa ovata)

    Also known as: Chinese catalpa, yellow catalpa

    The Chinese catalpa thrives in Midwestern urban environments. It has showy blossoms that appear in the spring, followed by bean-like seed pods. This tree can withstand a range of soil types, including wet and dry conditions, which makes it useful in difficult sites such as moist low spots and dry sites with poor soils.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima)

    Also known as: Chinese chestnut

    Chinese chestnut is resistant to chestnut blight which has almost wiped out the American chestnut. This non-native species produces spikes of creamy white flowers in summer. The edible nuts develop in sharp, spiny husks.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese fringetree (Chionanthus retusus)

    Also known as: Chinese fringetree

    Chinese fringetree is a beautiful multi-stemmed shrub to small tree, very similar in appearance to our native species with exfoliating, gray-brown bark. In mid-spring, erect clusters of fragrant, white flowers are quite showy. Female plants produce dark purple fruits in late summer. The dark green, leathery leaves turn a soft yellow in fall.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis)

    Also known as: Chinese juniper

    Chinese juniper is a durable, adaptable evergreen tree or shrub that can bring year-round color, structure and screening to a dry, alkaline or windy site. A wide variety of cultivated varieties are available for garden and landscape use that range from trees to shrubs down to ground covers. Because they are quite salt-tolerant, they can be used near roads, driveways and sidewalks.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese lilac (Syringa x chinensis)

    Also known as: Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac

    Chinese lilac is an upright to rounded shrub with arching branches, a more finely-textured hybrid of common lilac. The highly fragrant lavender-purple flower are long-blooming and attract butterflies.

    Size Range: 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese silver grass (Miscanthus sinensis)

    Also known as: Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass, eulalia, maiden grass

    Chinese silver grass is known by many names, including maiden grass, eulalia, Japanese silver grass, and miscanthus. It has been used widely in many landscapes and a great number of cultivars have been developed. Of the numerous cultivars, most are hardy to zone 5 , while some are hardy to zone 4. This grass should be used with caution. In some parts of the United States, this grass has spread into natural areas by seeding and is considered invasive in those areas.. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this grass.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese White-stemmed Raspberry (Rubus cockburnianus)

    Also known as: Chinese white-stemmed raspberry, White-stemmed raspberry,

    Chinese white-stemmed raspberry is a suckering ornamental shrub valued for its showy silvery-white, arching and thorny stems, especially in winter. Spring pinkish-purple flowers, dark green foliage and purple-black aggregate fruit add additional interest in a sunny wood edge garden. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)

    Also known as: Chinese wisteria

    Chinese wisteria is a beautiful vine in flower, but it is an aggressive grower and is considered invasive in some areas, especially in the southern United States. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this vine for planting sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinese witch-hazel (Hamamelis mollis)

    Also known as: Chinese witch-hazel, witch hazel, witch-hazel, witchhazel

    In very early spring, before the leaves unfurl, Chinese witch-hazel blooms a deep yellow with a tinge of red on strap-like, crinkled flowers. Flowers have a spicy-scented fragrance. The new foliage is yellowish-green, deepening to medium green over the summer and turning buttery yellow in fall.

    Size Range: 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)

    Also known as: Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, yellow chestnut oak, yellow oak, rock oak

    Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. Chinkapin oaks perform well in alkaline soils. Young trees retain a pyramidal to oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged central trunk. As trees age, the crown becomes more rounded.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris)

    Also known as: Climbing hydrangea

    Climbing hydrangea is a woody vine that clings and climbs by attaching itself with tiny rootlets to a wall, trellis or other support. In early July, it has flat, lacy clusters of fragrant small white flowers that show up well against the glossy green leaves. Also known as Hydrangea anomala ssp. petiolaris.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Clove Currant (Ribes odoratum (syn. Ribes aureum var villosum))

    Also known as: Clove currant, buffalo currant, Missouri currant, golden currant

    An irregularly shaped, loosely branched, native shrub reaching 6 to 8 feet high. In springtime the bright yellow flowers smell like cloves.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli)

    Also known as: cockspur hawthorn

    Cockspur hawthorn is a Chicago-area native that provides beautiful flowers in spring and persistent fruit in fall and winter. This species should be used with care as it has long thorns and is prone to disease. White flowers in the spring, persistent red fruit, and the orange-red fall color of this Midwestern native make it a nice addition to the four-season landscape.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • COMMENDATION™ elm (Ulmus 'Morton Stalwart')

    Also known as: COMMENDATION™ elm

    This fast-growing cultivar is extremely tolerant of drought and cold. The COMMENDATION™ elm is resistant to Dutch elm disease (DED) but moderately susceptible to insect problems, notably elm leaf beetle, Japanese beetle, and gypsy moth. Use along streets and in large yards. The Morton Arboretum introduced this cultivar through Chicagoland Grows®.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Common Bleeding Heart (Lamprocapnos spectabilis)

    Also known as: Common bleeding Heart, Bleeding heart

    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Common bleeding heart is an early-blooming perennial for shady sites. The delicate, pink heart-shaped flowers hang on long arching stems.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Common Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens)

    Also known as: Common boxwood, Box, Common Box

    Common boxwood is a broadly rounded evergreen shrub or small tree. Native to Europe, Asia and Africa found in open woodlands and rocky hillsides. A popular ornamental evergreen used as hedges, borders and topiary. Named because wood was popular for making boxes and cabinets.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Common buckthorn (Illegal to sell in Illinois) (Rhamnus cathartica)

    Also known as: Common buckthorn, buckthorn, European buckthorn, rhine berry

    Common buckthorn is an invasive plant in Illinois and should not be planted. It forms dense thickets and reproduces very freely, crowding out other plants and disrupting ecosystems in forest preserves and other natural areas. In woodlands it can completely replace existing understory plants, including native wildflowers. Under the Illinois Exotic Weed Act, buckthorn cannot be sold in Illinois.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Common Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

    Also known as: Common chokecherry, Virginia bird cherry, Bitter cherry

    A large deciduous shrub or small, 20 feet high, understory tree often forming a dense colony. Slender twigs form a oval to rounded crown. Clusters of drooping white flowers are followed by dark purple fruit. Native throughout most of the U.S. but difficult to find in the nursery trade.Susceptible to many insect and disease problems.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Common Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

    Also known as: Common elderberry, Elderberry

    A large multi-stemmed, native shrub with showy white flower clusters in mid-summer followed by juicy, blue-black fruits. Plants are coarse and best used for naturalizing or as a back of the border hedge.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Common Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)

    Also known as: Common flowering quince, flowering quince

    A tall, deciduous shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high. Shiny, dark green leaves appear before the scarlet-red flowers emerge in spring. Dense tangles of stems have spiny thorns, best used as a hedge, back of the border or in mass. Edible fruit is used to make jam and jellies.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

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