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  • Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus)

    Esk Sunset has beautiful colored leaves.

    Also known as:

    sycamore maple, planetree maple
    Sycamore maple can be used as a street tree and as a shade tree. The dangling clusters of small yellow flowers are slightly showy in spring. This non-native species provides no fall color.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Tamarack (Larix laricina)

    Needles of the tamarack.

    Also known as:

    tamarack, eastern larch
    Tamarack is a beautiful native conifer that loses its needles in fall. It is native to the Chicago region, but is on the list of threatened plants for the state of Illinois. It is commonly found in wet, swampy or boggy locations, but can grow in other locations as long as soil moisture is consistent. This tree looks good through many seasons.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Tamarix (Tamarix ramosissima)

    Also known as:

    Tamarisk, Salt Cedar, Saltcedar, Tamarix
    Tamarix is a large shrub or small tree found in wetlands. This Eurasian shrub is on many invasive lists and should not be planted.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Tea viburnum (Viburnum setigerum)

    White, slightly fragrant flowers of tea viburnum

    Also known as:

    Tea viburnum
    One of the best fruiting viburnums, this little known viburnum produces bright red fruit clusters, white spring flowers and muted red fall color. A good plant for sun or shade reaching 8 to 12 feet high and 6 to 10 feet wide. May be difficult to find in nursery trade.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Thornless cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis)

    Flowers and thornless stems of thornless cockspur hawthorn.

    Also known as:

    thornless cockspur hawthorn
    This variety of cockspur hawthorn has thornless stems. It displays beautiful white flowers in spring and persistent fruit in fall and winter.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Thornless honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis)

    Foliage of thornless honey-locust

    Also known as:

    thornless honey-locust, common honey-locust, honeylocust, thornless honeylocust
    The light, dappled shade cast by the lacy foliage of this attractive tree is only one of its virtues. It also is durable and adaptable; as a result, honey locust is overused in city and suburban landscapes. For the sake of species diversity, it should only be planted after careful consideration of alternatives.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Thread-leaved giant-hyssop (Agastache rupestris)

    Also known as:

    Thread-leaved giant-hyssop, Thread-leaf giant hyssop, Licorice mint, Rock Anise hussop
    Thread-leaved giant-hyssop is a striking, hardy perennial with slender, branched, gray-green foliage and rosy-orange tubular flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Three-flowered maple (Acer triflorum)

    Leaves of three-flowered maple.

    Also known as:

    three-flowered maple, shaggy-barked maple, three flower maple, three-flower maple, threeflowered maple
    The shaggy peeling bark and glorious yellow, orange, and red fall foliage make up for the inconspicuous nature of this ornamental tree's namesake flowers. Three-flowered maple is a fine specimen tree for gardens, with a habit that can be upright or spreading.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Thunberg's onion (Allium thunbergii)

    Thunberg's onion, cultivar Ozawa.

    Also known as:

    Thunberg's onion, Japanese onion, Thunberg's allium
    Thunberg's onion is a compact, clump-forming, perennial bulb that adds seasonal interest in the late fall garden. Clusters of lavender-pink flowers open above the grass-like foliage in late summer blooming into fall when the leaves turn a rusty orange color.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Trailing juniper (Juniperus horizontalis)

    Icee Blue trailing juniper

    Also known as:

    Trailing juniper, creeping juniper, ground cover juniper
    Trailing juniper is a low shrub or ground cover-type evergreen, native to North America. It can be especially attractive trailing over ledges or retaining walls and very useful on slopes. Junipers are cold-hardy, durable and adaptable plants that can bring year-round color to a dry, alkaline, or windy site.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet),
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches),
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Tree of heaven (Not recommended) (Ailanthus altissima)

    Tree of heaven, a weedy tree, producing seeds.

    Also known as:

    tree of heaven, paradise tree
    Tree of heaven has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. This tree is under observation and may be listed on official invasive species lists in the near future. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this tree for planting sites. Tree of heaven is an aggressive grower and produces a lot of suckers. It is generally not recommended for landscapes.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Trident maple (Acer buergerianum)

    Also known as:

    trident maple, Chinese maple, threetooth maple
    Trident maple is a medium-sized tree that can be used as a street tree or specimen. The trident-shaped leaves turn shades of red and orange in autumn.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • TRIUMPH™ elm (Ulmus 'Morton Glossy')

    A mature specimen of TRIUMPH™ elm.

    Also known as:

    TRIUMPH™ elm
    The TRIUMPH™ elm has very good resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED) and is resistant to elm yellows; it also has good resistance to elm leaf beetle. It is easily transplanted, quick to establish, and adaptable to most soil types. Large, lustrous, dark green summer foliage gives way to yellow fall color. Useful for home and commercial landscapes or parks or as street tree.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Trumpet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)

    Flowers of trumpet honeysuckle.

    Also known as:

    Trumpet honeysuckle, coral honeysuckle, scarlet honeysuckle
    Trumpet honeysuckle is native to North America, mostly in southern states. This vine is vigorous, but not aggressive like some species of honeysuckle. It produces clusters of bright red flowers in spring.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Trumpet vine (Campsis radicans)

    Flowers of trumpet vine.

    Also known as:

    Trumpet vine, trumpetcreeper, trumpet creeper
    Trumpet vine is a woody, clinging vine which attaches itself to structures by aerial rootlets. It can rapidly grow to 30 to 40 feet high. Terminal clusters of 2 to 3 inch long, red trumpet-shaped flowers attract hummingbirds throughout the summer.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Tufted hair grass (Deschampsia cespitosa)

    Turfted hair grass, cultivar Schottland, in autumn.

    Also known as:

    Tufted hair grass, tussock grass
    Tufted hair grass is a clump-forming, cool season grass. This grass has a wide natural range, being found in Europe, Asia and North America.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Tulip-tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

    Tulip-tree flowers are shaped like tulips.

    Also known as:

    tulip-tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar, tulip-poplar, tuliptree, tulip tree
    The tulip-tree is one of the largest native trees in North America. It is a member of the magnolia family and has distinct tulip-shaped characteristic in its leaves, flowers, and fruit. The showy, goblet-shaped, orange-yellow-green flowers appear in late spring after the leaves; the cone-like seed clusters sit upright on the branches. The golden-yellow fall color of the tulip-tree makes this an excellent choice for large landscapes.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)

    Fall color of tupelo leaves.

    Also known as:

    tupelo, black gum, sour gum, black tupelo, pepperidge
    Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Turkish hazelnut (Corylus colurna)

    Leaves of Turkish hazelnut.

    Also known as:

    Turkish hazelnut, Turkish hazel, Turkish filbert
    Turkish hazelnut is an excellent hardy tree for lawns, street plantings, and urban conditions. Its heavy-textured, dark green foliage is free of insect and disease. This tree is also pH adaptable and tolerant of heat, cold, and drought once it is established.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Umbrella magnolia (Magnolia tripetala)

    Developing fruit of umbrella magnolia.

    Also known as:

    umbrella magnolia
    Umbrella magnolia is a 15 to 30 foot high tree native to the southeastern United States found throughout the Appalachian Mountains. The very large leaves appear in clusters at the ends of branches, and resemble an umbrella. Large, showy spring flowers, rosy-red fruits, and smooth gray bark add to the four-seasons of interest.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Variegated tuber oat grass (Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum 'Variegatum')

    Cultivar Variegatum has striped leaves.

    Also known as:

    Variegated tuber oat grass, variegated bulbous oat grass, variegated orchard grass
    This species is not usually sold except as the cultivar 'Variegatum' which has striped leaves. This cultivar is a low-growing, non-native grass.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches),
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Vernal witch-hazel (Hamamelis vernalis)

    Vernal witch-hazel

    Also known as:

    Vernal witch-hazel, spring witch-hazel, witch-hazel; vernal witch hazel, witch hazel, witchhazel
    In late winter or very early spring, before the leaves unfurl, Vernal witch-hazel has yellow and orange-to-red flowers with a spicy fragrance that appears in late February and last three to four weeks. The new foliage is an attractive bronzy-red color that matures to dark green and then turns a rich butter yellow to golden yellow in fall. This is a great specimen plant for naturalized landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Virgin's bower (Clematis virginiana)

    Virgin's bower has small white flowers in late summer.

    Also known as:

    Virgin's bower
    Virgin's bower is a native species of clematis that produces masses of small white flowers in late summer.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Virginal mock-orange (Philadelphus x virginalis)

    Leaves of virginal mock-orange.

    Also known as:

    Virginal mock-orange, mockorange, mock orange
    Mock-orange is an old-fashioned, back of the border, late spring to early summer flowering shrub with sweetly scented white flowers. Dark green foliage makes an attractive background for pure white flowers. It has limited ornamental value in other seasons, but the double-flowering cultivars are bringing popularity back to this plant.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

    Virginia creepers red fall color and blue fruit.

    Also known as:

    Virginia creeper
    Virginia creeper is an aggressive, woody vine native to the Midwest and the Chicago region. This vine is often found growing up tree trunks in native woods, but it can be trained to grow on a fence or arbor. In early autumn the compound, five-leaflet leaves turn a brilliant red.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Virginia rose (Rosa virginiana)

    Rose hips on Virginia rose in winter.

    Also known as:

    Virginia rose, wild rose, prairie rose
    Virginia rose, also called wild rose, is native to southeastern United States. It has attractive, dark-green foliage that changes to orange-red-yellow in fall, singular showy pink flowers in early summer, and persistent fruit adding seasonal interest to the landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginica)

    Fall color of cultivar 'Henry's Garnet'.

    Also known as:

    Sweetspire, Virginia sweetspire, Virginia-willow, Virginia willow
    Sweetspire is a southeastern native that grows in moist, wet areas as well as upland sites. Grown for the long, drooping clusters of white, fragrant flowers in spring and the kaleidoscope of orange, red, yellow fall color.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Virginia wild rye (Elymus virginicus)

    Seed heads of Virginia wild rye.

    Also known as:

    Virginia wild rye, Virginia lyme grass
    Virginia wild rye is a cool season, clumping grass similar to Canada wild rye (Elymus canadensis). It is more tolerant of shade and prefers a more fertile soil.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Wafer-ash (Ptelea trifoliata)

    Leaves and seeds of wafer ash.

    Also known as:

    Wafer-Ash, Hop tree, Common Hoptree, Stinking Ash, Water-Ash
    Wafer-ash is a small native tree or large shrub that produces small clusters of fragrant flowers and wafer-like winged seeds, similar to elms. It is a good plant for naturalizing or woodland landscapes. Despite the name, this tree is not a true ash tree and is unaffected by the emerald ash borer.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Wahoo (Euonymus atropurpureus)

    The fruit of the wahoo.

    Also known as:

    Wahoo, Eastern Wahoo, Eastern burning bush
    Wahoo is a Chicago region native offering beautiful fruit in fall. It may be difficult to find this species in local nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America

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