Browse Trees and Plants

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  • Rough-leaved dogwood (Cornus drummondii)

    Leaves and fruit of rough-leaved dogwood.

    Also known as:

    Rough-leaved dogwood, roughleaf dogwood
    Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Rue anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides (syn. Anemonella thalictroides))

    Rue anemone is a dainty spring flower.

    Also known as:

    Rue anemone, rue-anemone
    A delicate woodland native, rue anemone is a spring ephemeral wildflower and garden perennial. Loose clusters of white to pale pink flowers rise above three-lobed green leaves. A great addition to the woodland wildflower or rock garden.

    Size Range:

    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa)

    Flowers of Frau Dagmar Hastrup rugosa rose.

    Also known as:

    Rugosa rose, hedgerow rose, saltspray rose, Japanese rose
    Rugosa roses are known for their extreme hardiness, alluring spicy fragrance, attractive fruit and fall color. Rugosa roses are large, 4- to 6-foot-high shrubs, suitable for difficult sites and tend to have fewer disease problems.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Running serviceberry (Amelanchier stolonifera)

    Also known as:

    Running serviceberry, running juneberry
    Running serviceberry is a small, 4- to 6-foot-high suckering shrub with white flowers and dark blue edible fruits. Native to the northeastern United States into Ontario. May be difficult to find in the nursery trade.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Russian-sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)

    Russian-sage in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Russian-sage; Russian sage; Afghan-sage
    Russian-sage is a semi-hardy sub-shrub or perennial grown for its handsome gray-green foliage and beautiful late season lavender-blue flower spikes. Cut to the ground each spring to promote new growth.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet),
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sand love grass (Eragrostis trichodes)

    Also known as:

    Sand love grass
    Sand love grass is a Midwest native that prefers sandy or well-drained sites. It is a warm season, clumping grass. It will self- seed.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Sargent's cherry (Prunus sargentii)

    Spring flowers of Sargent's cherry.

    Also known as:

    Sargent's cherry
    Sargent's cherry is one of the hardier, more adaptable and attractive trees for the Midwest. The tree has beautiful pink flowers in early spring and shiny green foliage that turns bronze to red in fall.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum sargentii)

    Lacecap flowers of Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum

    Also known as:

    Sargent's cranberry-bush; Sargent's viburnum; Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum; Sargent viburnum
    Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum is an upright, rounded shrub with a coarse branching habit. The white lacecap flowers have purple anthers. The bright red fruits are persistent. New foliage is burgundy changing to dark green then to a wine-red fall color adding to the seasonal interest.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sargent’s crabapple (Malus sargentii)

    Sargent's crabapple in full bloom.

    Also known as:

    Sargent’s crabapple, Sargents crabapple
    This 6 to 10 foot dwarf crabapple can be considered a compact tree or large shrub. In spring, pink buds open to a profusion of fragrant, white flower clusters. The persistent, 1/3-inch red fruits attractive birds and other wildlife. The foliage is dark green, turns yellow in the fall, and contrasts nicely with the red fruit. An excellent choice for the shrub border, in mass, or near patios.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Saskatoon serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

    Also known as:

    Saskatoon serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaved serviceberry, Indian Pear
    Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a medium to large upright, multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest. The clusters of fragrant, white drooping flowers appear in spring, followed by large, bluish-purple berries which are juicy and edible. Small blue-green leaves turn brilliant yellow and red in fall and the light gray bark is smooth with vertical streaks add winter interest. Excellent for shrub borders, woodland gardens and in mass.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

    Sassafras in fall color.

    Also known as:

    sassafras
    Sassafras is a North American native tree that provides vivid fall color and interesting mitten-shaped leaves. In the wild it can form thickets, a trait that may not be appropriate for every landscape.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Saucer magnolia (Magnolia soulangiana)

    Flowers of saucer magnolia.

    Also known as:

    saucer magnolia
    The elegant, goblet-shaped flowers of these handsome small trees are among the beauties of spring. Large leathery leaves, smooth gray bark, and yellow fall color add to the seasonal interest. Many cultivars of saucer magnolia are available, with a wide range of flower colors and shapes.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Savin juniper (Juniperus sabina)

    Savin juniper, cultivar Broadmoor

    Also known as:

    Savin juniper
    Savin juniper is a durable, low-maintenance evergreen shrub that has blue-green foliage consisting of sometimes prickly overlapping scales. It reaches 4 to 6 feet high with a low, 5 to 10 feet wide spreading habit. Once established it requires little maintenance. It is native to the mountains of Europe. In fall it has bluish, berry-like fruits that are really modified cones.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sawara-cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera)

    Foliage of Sawara-cypress

    Also known as:

    Sawara-cypress, Sawara Falsecypress, Japanese Falsecypress, sawara cypress
    Its pyramidal habit, loose open branching and scale-like, dark green foliage make the sawara-cypress a notable option for specimen plantings or in groups in a large landscape. Besides its remarkable foliage, this evergreen has handsome reddish-brown bark that peels off in strips and tiny, reddish-brown cones on short stalks.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Scarlet clematis (Clematis texensis)

    Flowers of scarlet clematis, cultivar 'Princess Diana'.

    Also known as:

    Scarlet clematis, Texas clematis
    Scarlet clematis is native only to Texas, but is hardy in more northern climates. The urn-shaped lowers are smaller than many types of clematis and are some shade of scarlet or pink.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Scarlet hawthorn (Crataegus coccinea)

    Leaves of scarlet hawthorn.

    Also known as:

    scarlet hawthorn, red haw, red-fruited hawthorn
    Scarlet hawthorn is a small tree that can be utilized under power lines. It has white flowers in spring followed by red fruit. The tree does bear long thorns.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)

    Summer foliage of scarlet oak.

    Also known as:

    scarlet oak
    True to its name, the scarlet oak produces wonderful scarlet fall color. This tree is best used in residential yards rather than as a street tree.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Scarlet runner bean (ANNUAL VINE) (Phaseolus coccineus)

    The flowers of scarlet runner bean.

    Also known as:

    Scarlet runner bean
    Scarlet runner bean is an annual ornamental vine that is grown for its bright red to red-orange flowers. It also produces edible beans.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Scots pine (Not recommended) (Pinus sylvestris)

    A mature specimen of Scots pine.

    Also known as:

    Scots pine, Scotch pine
    Due to susceptibility to many diseases and pests, Scots pines are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Scots pine, also called Scotch pine, is an introduced species from Europe and Asia. Mature trees have an open spreading habit with distinguishing orange, scaly bark.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)

    Also known as:

    sea-buckthorn; sea buckthorn; common seabuckthorn
    A large, loose, open shrub or small tree forming large colonies. The silver-gray foliage and persistent orange berries on female plants add to the appeal. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Seaside alder (Alnus maritima)

    Seaside alder in winter.

    Also known as:

    seaside alder, brook alder
    Seaside alder is a fast-growing native tree. It stays short enough to be used under utility lines, but may be difficult to locate in local nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Serbian spruce (Picea omorika)

    Needles of Serbian spruce.

    Also known as:

    Serbian spruce
    Tall and slender, with graceful upswept branches, the Serbian spruce is an elegant evergreen tree as a specimen in the landscape. It has glossy dark green needles with slender streaks of white and distinctive purple cones. It is a threatened species in its native Serbia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina, but is an adaptable, drought tolerant tree in the Midwest.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Seven-son flower (Heptacodium miconioides)

    Flowers of seven-son flower shrub.

    Also known as:

    Seven-son flower
    Seven-son flower, which is really a large shrub or small tree, produces white flowers in late summer. After the petals fall, the pink sepals remain giving the appearance that the plant is in flower again. The whitish-tan bark peels in strips and is striking against a dark background. Use as a specimen plant, back or the border, or in a naturalized area.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)

    Leaves of shagbark hickory.

    Also known as:

    shagbark hickory
    Plant a shagbark hickory in a large landscape for excellent shade. This Midwest native is named for its bark, which peels away in large, flat, curving plates, giving the tree a shaggy appearance. As a member of the walnut family, the hickory produces edible nuts.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Shantung maple (Acer truncatum)

    The star-shaped leaves of Shantung maple.

    Also known as:

    Shantung maple, purpleblow maple
    Shantung maple, an Asian species, makes a good specimen or street tree. It is also small enough to use under power lines. The glossy foliage emerges with a reddish color and then changes to a dark green. In fall, the foliage takes on shades of yellow, orange, red and even some purple.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa)

     A mature shellbark hickory showing the slightly loose, platy bark.

    Also known as:

    shellbark hickory, big shellbark hickory, kingnut hickory, big-leaved shagbark hickory
    Shellbark hickory is a large tree with shaggy bark and good yellow fall color. It has a deep taproot, so it is difficult to transplant. The nuts produced are edible.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Shingle oak (Quercus imbricaria)

    Summer foliage of shingle oak.

    Also known as:

    shingle oak, laurel oak, small-leaved oak
    Shingle oak is native to Illinois and to part of the Chicago region. This tree is not easily recognized as an oak due to an atypical, unlobed leaf. It is not used as commonly as other oak species, but would be valuable as a parkway tree.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Shining sumac (Rhus copallina)

    Red fall color of shining sumac.

    Also known as:

    Shining sumac, flameleaf Sumac, winged sumac
    Shining sumac is a very adaptable,large, colony-forming shrub to small tree used in groups in the shrub border, as a large bank cover or in naturalizing areas. The shining dark green foliage turns a flaming red to red-purple in the fall. In addition, female plants produce terminal clusters of greenish-yellow flowers that mature into clusters of small, red hairy fruits in September and October. An excellent plant for poor dry soils.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Showy cotoneaster (Cotoneaster multiflora)

    Showy cotoneaster in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Showy cotoneaster, many-flowered cotoneaster
    Showy cotoneaster is a useful ornamental shrub for a mixed border, in mass, for screening, or as a single specimen. Abundant clusters of small, white flowers cover the showy cotoneaster in spring. In fall, the shrub’s yellow-tinted foliage acts as a backdrop for the showy red fruit. Plant showy cotoneaster in full sun to ensure an outstanding display.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Shrub bush-clover (Lespedeza bicolor)

    Shrub bush-clover has small, rosy-pink flowers.

    Also known as:

    Shrub bush-clover, shrub bush clover, bush clover, shrub bushclover
    Lespedeza bicolor is a large, upright, open shrub that dies back to the ground in northern climates. The rosy-purple flowers appear on new wood at branch tips and leaf axils. Native to China but has naturalized in many parts of the southern United States where it is considered invasive in wooded areas. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native

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