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TREES & plants

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  • Mandevilla (ANNUAL VINE) (Mandevilla hybrids)

    Also known as: Mandevilla

    Mandevilla is a annual, tropical vine that is also sometimes grown as a house plant.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

    Also known as: Maple-leaved viburnum, Maple-leaved arrowwood, Mapleleaf viburnum, dockmackie

    Maple-leaved viburnum is a native, medium-sized under-story shrub, preferring shade and part shade conditions. It makes it a great option for naturalizing in shady areas. The creamy-white, flat-topped flowers in May, black fruit in fall persisting into winter, and excellent pink to dark burgundy fall color add year-round interest.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Marmo Freeman maple (Acer freemanii 'Marmo')

    Also known as: Marmo Freeman's maple

    This Chicagoland Grows® introduction has a beautiful mix of fall color, displaying a mottled blend of red and green to burgundy and yellow.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Meadowsweet (Spiraea alba)

    Also known as: Meadowsweet, White meadowsweet, Narrowleaf meadowsweet, pale bridewort

    Meadowsweet is a native, upright, loose shrub reaching 3 to 6 feet high, forming colonies of finely-branches stems. Ideal for wet, sunny landscapes. In mid to-late summer shrubs produce 4-inch long slender clusters of white flowers. Best purchased through nurseries specializing in native plants.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Meserve Holly (Ilex x meserveae)

    Also known as: Meserve Holly, Meserve Hybrid Hollies

    The Merserve hollies are hybrids that do well in northern climates like the Chicago region. Dark, lustrous blue-green leaves are evergreen and spiny. Like all hollies, there are separate male and female plants and both must be planted for the female plant to produce the showy fruit.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Meyer Lilac (Syringa meyeri)

    Also known as: Meyer lilac

    Dwarf Korean lilac is a compact shrub with highly fragrant, lavender flowers and small ruffled leaves. It is fairly resistant to powdery mildew. Place near a patio or sidewalk where the intoxicating fragrance can be enjoyed.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Miyabe's maple (Acer miyabei)

    Also known as: Miyabe's maple, Miyabe maple

    Wide branches that sweep low to the ground and deeply furrowed, corky bark are among the charms of this densely branched shade tree. Though Miyabe’s maple is listed as endangered in its native habitat in Japan, several cultivars are considered hardy, adaptable urban street trees. The dark green leaves turn golden in fall.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa)

    Also known as: mockernut hickory, white hickory

    Mockernut hickory, like all hickories, is tap-rooted and thus difficult to transplant. This Illinois native tolerates dry sites fairly well and produces good golden-yellow fall color. It may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Mongolian linden (Tilia mongolica)

    Also known as: Mongolian linden

    Mongolian linden is smaller than other species of lindens and it has an unusual exfoliating (peeling) bark. It is slower growing than other lindens. Fall color is a moderate yellow.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Moonflower (ANNUAL VINE) (Ipomoea alba)

    Also known as: Moonflower

    Moonflower is an an annual vine that is related to morning glories. The flowers are very similar, but this vine produces only white flowers that are larger than those of morning glory.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

    Also known as: Moonseed, common moonseed

    Moonseed is a native vine. It tends to be short-lived. It produces interesting lobed leaves, tiny white flowers and dark fruit. All parts of the plant, and especially the fruit, are considered toxic.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Moor birch (Not recommended) (Betula pubescens)

    Also known as: moor birch, Eurasian paper birch

    Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), moor birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Moor birch has a narrow habit and gray-white bark.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Moor grass (Molinia caerulea)

    Also known as: Moor grass, purple moor grass

    Moor grass as the name indicates is commonly found in moors and other moist sites. It is a warm season, clumping grass native to the British Isles, Europe and Asia.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Morning glory (ANNUAL VINE) (Ipomoea tricolor)

    Also known as: Morning glory

    Morning glory is an annual vine, but it may reseed from year to year. Funnel shaped flowers are produced from mid-summer into fall. Numerous cultivars are available as seeds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Mountain hydrangea (Hydrangea serrata)

    Also known as: Mountain hydrangea

    Mountain hydrangea is a small, 2 to 3 feet high shrub from the mountains of Korea and Japan with light pink, lace cap flower clusters in mid-summer. The slender green leaves often turn red or burgundy in autumn. It does well in part shade and is small enough to be used in containers.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Mugo pine (Pinus mugo)

    Also known as: Mugo pine, Swiss mountain pine, Mugho pine, Creeping pine, Dwarf mountain pine

    Mugo pine is a small to large-sized, shrubby pine adapted for the home landscape. Plants vary in height, texture, and year-round color. Needles remain on plant for up to 5 years.

    Size Range: 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Nanking cherry (Prunus tomentosa )

    Also known as: Nanking cherry, Manchu cherry

    The Nanking cherry is a lovely ornamental shrub with fragrant white flowers appearing before the leaves. Shiny reddish-brown exfoliating bark and attractive scarlet red fruits adds seasonal interest. Use as a hedge or spring specimen in the shrub border.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

    Also known as: Nannyberry, Nannyberry viburnum, Sheepberry

    Nannyberry is grown as a large shrub or a small tree reaching 15 to 20 feet high, known for its dark, lustrous green leaves which turn maroon-red in the fall. This Midwest native is typically found in woodlands and wood edges, a great plant for naturalizing.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • New England aster (Symphotrichum novae-angliae (syn. Aster novae-angliae))

    Also known as: New England aster

    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: New England aster is a native, upright perennial with purple or pinkish daisy-like flowers that bloom in late summer and autumn.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • New Horizon elm (Ulmus 'New Horizon')

    Also known as: New Horizon elm

    The New Horizon elm has slightly arching branches that give it a finer textured appearance than most elms. It has excellent resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED), elm leaf miner, and verticillium wilt. This cultivar has large dark green leaves that take on a rusty-red tint in fall. Useful as street, parkway, or shade tree.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus )

    Also known as: New Jersey tea, wild snowbell, redroot

    During June and July this low-growing, rounded shrub is a cloud of white flowers; use it in masses for best affect, as a tall ground cover, or on steep slopes. Despite its name, New Jersey tea is a Chicago-area native.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Nikko maple (Acer nikoense)

    Also known as: Nikko maple

    Unlike other maples, the Nikko maple does not have the traditional "maple" leaf. Each leaf is divided into three leaflets. The leaves turn to shades of red and orange in autumn, giving this medium-sized tree some late-season interest.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Nippon Spirea (Spiraea nipponica)

    Also known as: Nippon spirea, Snowmound Nippon spirea

    Nippon spirea is a beautiful compact shrub reaching 3 to 5 feet tall with graceful spreading branches and clusters of white flowers in mid-to-late spring. Use at the back of the border or as a specimen plant.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Northern catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

    Also known as: northern catalpa, catalpa, cigar-tree, hardy catalpa, western catalpa

    This Midwest native tree grows 40 to 60 feet tall, with a narrow, open, irregularly rounded crown and spreading branches. It has large, heart-shaped leaves and large clusters of fragrant, white flowers. The long, interesting seed pods persist through the winter. Northern catalpa is very adaptable to adverse conditions, but has weak wood and branch structure.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

    Also known as: northern red oak, red oak

    Northern red oak is native to the Midwest and is one of the faster growing oaks for the home landscape. The leaves are handsome throughout the year, emerging pinkish-red, turning lustrous dark green in summer, and changing to russet-red to bright red in autumn. Its tolerance of salt and air pollution makes it a good tree for more exposed areas.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Northern sea-oats (Chasmanthium latifolium)

    Also known as: Northern sea-oats, wild oats, wood oats, Indian wood-oats, spangle grass

    Northern sea-oats is a grass native to the southern half of Illinois. This warm season, clumping grass has interesting oat-like seed heads that rustle easily in the wind, adding movement to the garden.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Norway maple (Not recommended) (Acer platanoides)

    Also known as: Norway maple

    Norway maples have invasive traits that enable them to spread aggressively. While these trees have demonstrated invasive traits, there is insufficient supporting research to declare them so pervasive that they cannot be recommended for any planting sites. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting these trees for planting sites. Norway maple is known for its tolerance of urban conditions, but it often becomes a weedy plant through self-seeding.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Norway spruce (Picea abies)

    Also known as: Norway spruce

    Norway spruce is a large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang like ornaments from the weeping branches against the dark green foliage. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Oak-leaved hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia)

    Also known as: Oak-leaf hydrangea, Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaved hydrangea

    Oak-leaved hydrangea is a southeastern native shrub for all seasons. The large dark green leaves resemble oak leaves, in fall they change to a deep burgundy or red fall color. Mid-summer the large cone-shaped flower clusters open white then turn a purplish-pink, then changing to brown persisting into winter. The older bark is cinnamon brown color and peels to create a texture that makes this plant interesting even when the leaves are gone.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra )

    Also known as: Ohio buckeye

    The Ohio buckeye is a neatly rounded tree with low, sweeping branches and dense foliage that provides deep shade. It is one of the first trees to leaf out in the spring. This tree is susceptible to leaf blotch.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

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