Swiss stone pine is a dense, narrow pyramidal evergreen tree that provides dark green color in the landscape. Native to the mountains of Europe and Asia. A picturesque evergreen for the smaller landscape.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Residential and parks
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet),
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Edible fruit
- Early winter,
- Mid winter,
- Late winter,
- Early spring,
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Best sited in a well-drained, loamy soil in an open areas in full sun.
Transplants well, needs little pruning for a strong structure.
Due to its slow growth rate, this is an excellent choice for small landscapes.
Disease, pests, and problems
Resistant to most pests and diseases.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to mountains of Europe and parts of Asia.
Bark color and texture
Mature branches are dark with scaly plates.
New stems orange-brown.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Stiff, but soft 3 inch long needles in bundles of 5, with a blue green to light green color.
Sometimes needles are twisted.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Terminal, 2 to 3 inch long cones do not open on the tree but require 3 years to mature and drop in the spring.
Cultivars and their differences
Prairie Statesman® Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra 'Herman'): A very upright habit (30 feet high and 15 feet wide) with emerald green needles; very cold hardy and drought tolerant.
Stricta Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra 'Stricta')- A columnar form of the species, with blue-green needles and a dense, narrow habit. Sometimes sold under the name 'Columnaris'.