Swiss stone pine is a dense, narrow pyramidal evergreen tree that provides dark green color in the landscape. Native to the mountains of Europe and Asia. A picturesque evergreen for the smaller landscape.
- Residential and parks
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Acid soil
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Edible fruit
- Mid winter
- Late winter
- Early spring
- Late spring
- Small mammals
Size & Form
A narrow pyramidal evergreen reaching 25 to 35 feet high and 10 to 15 feet wide.
Open and flat-topped with age. Branches tend to droop as plant matures.
Tree & Plant Care
Best sited in a well-drained, loamy soil in an open areas in full sun.
Transplants well, needs little pruning for a strong structure
Due to its slow growth rate, this is an excellent choice for small landscapes.
Disease, pests, and problems
Resistant to most pests and diseases.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to mountains of Europe and parts of Asia
Cold hardy to zone 3
Bark color and texture
Mature branches are dark with scaly plates.
New stems orange-brown.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Stiff, but soft 3 inch long needles in bundles of 5 with a blue green to light green color.
Sometimes needles are twisted.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Terminal, 2 to 3 inch long cones do not open on the tree but require 3 years to mature and drop in the spring.
Cultivars and their differences
'Columnaris' ( Pinus cembra 'Columnaris')- A common form of the species, with blue-green needles and a dense, narrow habit.