- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Mixed border,
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Summer blossoms,
- Fragrant flowers,
- Persistent fruit/seeds,
- Showy flowers,
- Attractive bark
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer
Size & Form
An upright growing large shrub reaching 10 to 12 feet high and wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun to light shade, will grow in most soil types except extremely wet.
Prune after flowering to remove dead wood and to keep in bounds.
Overgrown shrubs can get leggy and cut to the ground to start over.
Disease, pests, and problems
Cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew and rust
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of salt
Native geographic location and habitat
Southern Europe and Asia Minor
Bark color and texture
Slender, young stems light brown to reddish brown with raised leaf scar. Older bark is light brown to orange and exfoliates into strips.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Opposite, simple, oblong, 2 to 4 inches long, coarsely to not serrated, green above, lighter below.
No significant fall color.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
White, four petals, yellow anthers, 1 inch across, very fragrant, appearing in early summer.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Dry, four-parted capsule, 1/2 inch long, persistent into winter.