Logo

TREES & Plants

Summersweet clethra

A wide variety of butterflies and songbirds are attracted to summersweet clethra for its nectar and seeds.  Native to the eastern United States, it has lustrous green leaves in the spring, spiky white or pink fragrant flowers during the summer, golden yellow leaves in the fall, and interesting, delicate dried seed capsules in winter to provide exceptional four-season interest.  

Botanical name: 
Clethra alnifolia
All Common Names: 
Summersweet clethra, Summersweet, Clethra, Sweet Pepperbush
Family (English): 
Summersweet
Family (Botanic): 
Clethraceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • North America
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
  • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Wet sites
  • Occasional flooding
  • Alkaline soil
  • Road salt
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
  • Wet soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • Pink
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
  • Small shrub (3-5 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Oval
  • Rounded
  • Thicket-forming
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Hedge
  • Foundation
  • Mixed border
Time of Year: 
  • Early winter
  • Mid winter
  • Mid summer
  • Late summer
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
  • Late fall
More Information: 

Summersweet clethra (Clethra alnifolia)Summersweet clethra (Clethra alnifolia)photo: John Hagstrom
Size and Form

6 to 8 feet high and 4 to 6 feet wide; oval to rounded form, thicket forming

Tree & Plant Care

Best in moist soils, tolerant of soil pH, part shade to full sun.
Slow to leaf out in spring.
Flowers on new wood, prune in spring.

Disease, pests and problems

No serious problems

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to the eastern coast of the United States.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Songbirds, including robin, goldfinch, and warblers are attracted to the seed capsules.
Nectar source for swallowtail butterflies and hummingbirds.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is brown;  multi-stemmed.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate leaves;  2 to 4 inches long, sharply serrated, medium to dark  green above, paler beneath, turns a golden-yellow in fall.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Fragrant, five-petaled flowers in upright spikes on end of branches. Color varies by cultivar from white to pink.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Interesting, delicate, dried seed capsules persist through winter.

Cultivars and their differences 

Hummingbird  (Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird'):  2  to 3 feet high and wide; rounded form; white flowers; flower clusters are larger and open earlier than the species.

Ruby Spice  (Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’):  4  to 6 feet high and wide; oval to rounded form; rosy pink flowers.

Sixteen Candles (Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles'):  2 to 3 feet high and wide; rounded form; white flowers.

Vanilla Spice  (Clethra alnifolia 'Caleb')4 to 6 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright to rounded form; white flowers are larger than those of the species.