Spindle tree, a European species of euonymus, has beautiful fruit. The Spindle tree has become weedy and invasive in some areas.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Mixed border
- Early fall
Size and Form
12 to 25 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide; upright becoming more rounded with age.
Tree & Plant Care
Requires well drained soil.
Birds easily spread the seeds; this plant is becoming invasive in some areas.
Disease, pests and problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and Asia.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Several species of birds eat the seeds.
Bark color and texture
Bark is gray; stems are green.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, opposite leaves; oval with finely toothed edges; 1 to 3 inches long; dark green.
Fall color is variable, from yellow to reddish-purple.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous; yellow green flowers with four petals.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
This plant yields attractive, showy pink to reddish capsules that open to reveal orange seeds.
Cultivars and their differences
Redcap (Euonymus europaeus 'Redcap'): This cultivar yields a large crop of persistent, bright capsules with orange seeds; the plants medium green leaves turn reddish-purple in the fall.