- Mixed border
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Early fall
Size and Form
12 to 25 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide; upright becoming more rounded with age.
Tree & Plant Care
Requires well drained soil.
Birds easily spread the seeds; this plant is becoming invasive in some areas.
Disease, pests and problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and Asia.
Bark color and texture
Bark is gray; stems are green.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, opposite leaves; oval with finely toothed edges; 1 to 3 inches long; dark green.
Fall color is variable, from yellow to reddish-purple.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous; yellow green flowers with four petals.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
This plant yields attractive, showy pink to reddish capsules that open to reveal orange seeds.
Cultivars and their differences