Southern Black-Haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with glossy foliage and white flowers in mid-spring. In fall, female plants have dark blue berries. The foliage is often rich burgundy in fall. Native to the mid-South, this shrub nonetheless has done well in the Chicago region.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- North America
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
10 to 20 feet high and wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Prune after flowering.
Root suckers may need to be removed to minimize the width of the plant.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious problems.
Native geographic location and habitat
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Glossy, leathery dark green oval leaves turn burgundy in autumn. They are arranged in pairs (opposite) along the branches.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Broad clusters of small creamy-white flowers in mid-spring. Flowers have little to no fragrance.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
This plant yields shiny, blue-black fruit.
Cultivars and their differences