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TREES & Plants

Southern Black-Haw

Southern Black-Haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with glossy foliage and white flowers in mid-spring. In fall, female plants have dark blue berries. The foliage is often rich burgundy in fall. Native to the mid-South, this shrub nonetheless has done well in the Chicago region.

Botanical name: 
Viburnum rufidulum
All Common Names: 
Southern black-haw, rusty black-haw, southern blackhaw, rusty blackhaw
Family (English): 
Elderberry
Family (Botanic): 
Adoxaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • North America
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Dry sites
  • Alkaline soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet)
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Irregular
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
More Information: 

Size

10 to 20 feet high and wide

Tree & Plant Care

Prune after flowering

Root suckers may need to be removed to minimize the width of the plant

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems

Native geographic location and habitat

Southern US

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Glossy, leathery dark green oval leaves turn burgundy in autumn. They are arranged opposite along the branches.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Broad clusters of small creamy-white flowers in mid-spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

This plant yields shiny, blue-black fruit.

 

Cultivars and their differences 

Emerald Charm  (Viburnum rufidulum 'Morton'):   More compact, growing only 10 to 12 feet high and 8 to 10 feet wide.  Dark glossy green foliage turns burgundy in the fall.  Good cold hardiness.

Southern black-haw (Viburnum rufidulum)Southern black-haw Emerald Charmphoto: John Hagstrom