Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. This species has become over planted. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple.
"This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research."
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Restricted sites
- Shade tree
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Wet soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Moderately Tolerant
- Commonly planted,
- Highly susceptible to ice damage,
- Messy fruit/plant parts,
- Roots prone to invading sewer pipes,
- Weak wood and branch structure
- Fall color
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Game birds,
- Small mammals,
Tree & Plant Care
Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Prune in summer.
Drought sensitive, provide supplemental water in dry periods.
Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple.
Disease, pests, and problems
May be weedy, spreading many seedlings in lawns and gardens. Weak wooded and is prone to storm damage.
Has a vigorous root system that can invade sewer pipes.
Verticillium wilt, anthracnose, tar spot, cottony maple scale, maple bladder gall.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native throughout most of the eastern United States. Typically found growing in wet bottomlands.
Bark color and texture
Young bark is smooth and gray and develops long wide strips that turn upward at the ends as tree age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, opposite leaves are medium green about 3 to 6 inches long; 5 lobed, with silvery underside.
Green in summer; yellow-green in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras), 2 inches long.
Cultivars and their differences
Silver Queen silver maple (Acer saccharinum 'Silver Queen'): This cultivar has better branch structure and so it is less prone to storm damage. Yellow fall color. Male cultivar (seedless).