Red buckeye is one of the earliest native trees to leaf out in the spring, followed by beautiful carmine-red flowers in late spring. It is a small tree, able to be planted under power lines. This tree is susceptible to leaf blotch.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Occasional flooding
- Clay soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Late spring
Size and Form
10 to 20 feet high and 15 to 25 feet wide; round to oval shape
Tree & Plant Care
May be difficult to find in nursery trade.
Best sited in part shade
Supply adequate moisture in full sun.
Disease, pests and problems
Powdery mildew, leaf blotch
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the southern United States, up into the southern tip of Illinois.
Bark color and texture
Bark is dark brown; relatively smooth; flaking off with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Opposite, palmately compound with 5 leaflets; 3 to 6 inches long
Handsome, dark green in summer with minimal fall color
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Terminal clusters, 4 to 8 inches long, of carmine-red flowers
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Shiny, brown nuts (buckeyes) in a smooth, oval husk
Buckeyes should not be eaten.