This fast-growing native tree has beautiful silvery gray bark and leaves that "tremble" in the wind due to flat leaf stalks. Unfortunately this tree is short-lived and prone to some disease and insect problems; it is also highly susceptible to ice storm damage.
- Chicago area
- North America
- Residential and parks
- City parkway
- Wide median
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 2
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Moderately Tolerant
- Excessive sucker growth
- Highly susceptible to ice damage
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Fall color
- Attractive bark
- Mid spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
- Game birds
Size & Form
A medium-sized tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide.
A tall straight trunk with a narrow, pyramidal shape when young becoming more rounded with age.
Tree & Plant Care
Best planted in moist soils in full sun. Intolerant of shade conditions.
Roots tend to sucker freely.
Does not tolerate summer heat or pollution.
Disease, pests, and problems
Numerous disease and pest problems if not sited correctly, Tree prefers cool summer climates.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to western and eastern coasts of North America
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
A favorite nesting site for woodpeckers and sapsuckers.
Bark color and texture
Young trees have a white, smooth bark.
Stems are a slender, reddish brown
Older trees is grayish white, furrowed and darkened with age
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate leaf arrangement, simple,1 to 3 inches wide, triangular-shaped with finely serrated margins.glacescent leaf underside
Light green, smooth leaf turns a bright yellow in the fall.
Flattened leaf petioles tremble in the wind creating a rustling sound.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Dioecious. Male and female trees separate. Flowers are dangling catkins that appear before the leaves.
Not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit is a drooping cluster of capsules containing many seeds.