Purple coneflower is a native wildflower of Illinois and the Chicago region. It offers color in the middle of summer and cones full of seeds for birds during winter. This wildflower will self sow and naturalize.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Mixed border
- Large plant (more than 24 inches),
- Medium plant (12-24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest:
- Mid summer,
- Late summer
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
2 to 4 feet high and 1 to 2 feet wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Tolerant of heat and drought once established.
Cut back completely in spring before new growth begins.
Disease, pests and problems
Late season leaf spots and aster yellows are possible disease problems.
Native geographic location and habitat
Found in prairies, savannas and along the edges of woodlands.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Several species of butterflies visit the flowers.
Goldfinches eat the seeds.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple leaves may be alternate or opposite; medium green; up to 6 inches long (leaves longer on lower part of the plant and shorter near the top); toothed edge.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Daisy-like, purple flowers with drooping (reflexed) petals; flowers in mid-summer.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
The dried center or 'cone' of the flower is the seed pod.